Flight Engineer of Soyuz TM transportation vehicle
Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center,
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
June 12, 1949, Moscow.
graduated from Moscow Physical and Technical Institute (MFTI) in 1973.
Initially, he was a student at the faculty of Radio Engineering and Cybernetics,
but in his third year he transferred to the faculty of Astrophysics and
Space Research, from which he graduated as a specialist in Flight Dynamics
and Spacecraft Control qualified as engineer-physicist. In 1980 he graduated
from the part-time education department of the All-Union Institute of Law
as a specialist in jurisprudence, and in 1981 he graduated from the home-study
department of the School of Journalism of the M.V.Lomonisov Moscow State
University as a specialist in journalism. In 2000 he graduated from the
Higher Learning Courses of the Military Academy of the Russian Federation
Armed Forces General Staff.
Wife - Polubinskaya, Svetlana Veniaminovna, b. 1954, research assistant
at the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Daughter - Baturina, Alexandra Yurievna, b. 1982, a student at the
Moscow State Academy of Law.
AWARDS AND TITLES:
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (1998),
he was decorated with the Order of Courage (1998), and Order of Friendship
The laureate of the USSR Union of Journalists Prize for a significant
contribution to the drafting of the USSR law on the Press and Other Mass
Prize For Distinguished Contribution to the Development of the Media
international legal prize Themis (1998).
Full Councilor of State of the Russian Federation, 1st Class.
Doctor of Law (1992), Dissertation on Computer law.
mountaineering, math models of socio-political processes, analysis
of song lyrics of V.Vysotsky (there is an unfinished manuscript of a book),
translations of works by Lewis Carroll that have never been published in
Russian before, photography, video filming - documentaries about space:
"We barely made it with one nozzle left" (1997), "Stairway to the sky"
A member of USSR/RF Union of Journalists since 1990.
A member of Academic Council of the Information Security Faculty of
Moscow Physical and Technical Institute (MFTI) since 1996.
A member of Scientific Council of the INDEM Foundation since 1997.
A member of the Union of Photography Artists of Russia since 1998 (he
was handed the member card at the opening of his personal photo-exhibition
"Brief Rendezvous with Earth" at the Polytechnical Museum on April 21,
1999; the same year he became the prize-winner of an international photo
competition held by Izvestia newspaper).
A member of the Bar of the Moscow Region since 2000.
During the period of 1973-1980 he held various engineering positions
at the Central Design Bureau for Machine Building (now S.P.Korolev RSC
During the period of 1980-1991 he was a research assistant at the Institute
of State and Law of the USSR Academy of Sciences. After that, till 1994,
he worked there part-time.
In 1988, he co-authored with M.Fedotov and V.Entin a draft Law of USSR
on the Press and Other Mass Media (the law was passed by the USSR Supreme
Soviet on June 12, 1990), and in 1991 the same team drew up and published
a draft Law of Russian Federation on Mass Media passed by the Supreme Soviet
of the Russian Federation on December 27, 1991.
During the period of May 17, 1991 through January 2, 1992 he worked
as a consultant to G.H.Shakhnazarov, the aide to USSR President M.S.Gorbachev.
During the period of 1991 through 1997 he was teaching at the faculty
of Journalism of the Moscow State University. In 1999 he organized there
a political journalism workshop where he gives two courses.
In 1992 he organized the Mass Media Law School under the auspices of
the Foundation for Protection of Glasnost, the first such school in our
country. He is the head of the school.
During the period of January 3, 1992 through June 1, 1993, he was a
permanent consultant for the "Itogi" ("Summary") news program of the All-Russia
State TV Company Ostankino, and at the same time, during the period of
June 1, 1992 through June 1, 1993, he was a legal adviser for the Chairman
of the company.
During the period of March 17 through June 2, 1993 he was a member
of Presidential Council. Since June 2, 1993 he was a legal aide to President
of Russian Federation B.N.Yeltsin. During the period of January 6, 1964
through June 18, 1996 he was a national security aide to President of the
During the period of 1995 through 1997 he was the Chairman of the Higher
Military Ranks and Titles Committee.
During the period of 1995 through 1998 he was the Chairman of the Inter-departmental
Committee for Chemical Disarmament.
During the period of 1996 through 1997 he was a member of Military
Counsil of the Space Force. On July 25, 1996 he became a secretary of the
Defense Council of the Russian Federation and an aide to the President
of the Russian Federation. During the period of August 28, 1997 through
February 12, 1998 he was a member of the Defense Council of the Russian
Federation and an aide to the President of the Russian Federation.
Since September 1997 he is a correspondent, and since 1999 he is a
commentator of the "Novaya Gazeta" newspaper.
Till 1998 he taught at the Moscow State Institute of Foreign Affairs.
As of December 2000 he is professor at MFTI (Political analysis with elements
of mathematical modeling of political processes), and holds the chair of
Computer Law at Moscow Engineering and Physical Institute.
Since January 1996 he has been taking some of the training courses
under the general cosmonaut training program. In September 1997 the State
Medical Board cleared him for special training.
On March 26, 1998, upon completion of the general cosmonaut training,
he started training specifically for a mission under the program of Mir
Expedition-26 as a cosmonaut-researcher of the primary crew.
On April 30, 1998 he was appointed a cosmonaut-researcher of the cosmonaut
corps of the Cosmonaut Training Center.
His flew his first mission on August 13 through 25, 1998, as a cosmonaut-researcher
on-board Soyuz TM-28 and Mir space station under the program of Expedition-26
together with G.Padalka and S.Avdeev. He returned to Earth on-board Soyuz
TM-27 together with T.Musabaev and N.Budarin. The mission duration was
In 1999 he was appointed an instructor cosmonaut researcher, and on
June 1, 2000, he was appointed a deputy commander of the cosmonaut corps
for research and testing.
Since June 12, 2000, he was training for a mission as flight engineer
under program of Mir Expedition-29 together with T.Musabaev.