• Presentation of The Spacecraft Encyclopedia
• Q & A: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Spacecraft !
• Analyses and Essays
• The Big Picture
• The Encyclopedia Megatables
• Number of Spacecraft Launched Each Year
• Main Statistics
• Number of Spacecraft Launched by Family: Civilian and Military
• Space Launchers
• Launchers' Ranking
• National Score
• Some Interesting Spacecraft Families
.

• Summary of Spacecraft Laurcned in 2015, Spacecrat Launched in 2015 and 2015 Stats.

• Summary of Spacecraft Laurcned in 2014, Spacecrat Launched in 2014 and 2014 Stats.
.

.

Presentation of The Spacecraft Encyclopedia
Why an encyclopedia on all spacecraft ever launched? Because, beyond all projects, plans, "what we will do..." and "what we could have done if...", this is what Space exploration and operations are all about.

This website tries to present the most comprehensive views of all spacecraft ever launched (successfully or not) sponsored by every governments, organizations and corporations since October 1957. With more some 7,500 spacecraft, this encyclopedia represents a collossal endeavour which is only possible by starting with the works of such "giants" as Jonathan McDowell, Mark Wade, Asif Siddiqi, NASA Historians, NSSDC and many other sources.

The basic data for each spacecraft are presented in an entry written in "plain english", trying to be as accurate and concise as possible. Entries are grouped by year of launch, that is: entries for all spacecraft launched in a given year are on the same web page. Additional informations are available from the web links presented at the bottom of each entry.

See also: Spacecraft stats and insights, an introductory essay published in Space Review on April 5, 2010.

.
Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Spacecraft !
.
• How Many Spacecraft Were Launched?
•  How Many Spacecraft Are Russian, American, European, Etc.?
• What Proportion of These Spacecraft are Military and Civilian?
• What Proportion of Spacecraft had Accomplished Their mission, and Which Had Failed?
• For What Purpose Spacecraft Are Launched?
• How Many Spacecraft Are Piloted?
• How Many Probes Were Launched To Explore Our Solar System?
• How Many Communications Satellites Were Launched?
• How Many Meteosats Were Launched?
• What About Launchers: How Many, Which Are the Most Frequently Used and the Bests?
• What’s the Difference Between Spacecraft, Satellite, Spaceship and Probes? 
.
Analyses and Essays
.
•  Fifty years of piloted spaceflight: Where are we going? April 2011
• Spacecraft stats and insights (An Introduction to this Spacecraft Encyclopedia) April 2010
.
• Costs of U.S. Piloted Programs March 2010
•  Space Exploration: an Accelerator of New Ideas and Technology June 2009
.
•  Space Exploration at a Crossroad, (The Space Review):
Part 1 : Lessons To Be Learned
Part 2 : What Should We Do ?
October 2008
.
•  No More Dreams, Mr. President August 2006
..
The Big Picture
.
Since 1957, we are launching an average of 136 spacecraft per year. In all, 7,757 spacecraft were launched between 1957 and 2014. They included satellite (in Earth orbit), piloted spaceship and planetary probe. The left graph shows the number of spacecraft launched every year. Color red represents spacecraft launched for Russia, blue represents spacecraft launched for the United States, yellow represents other governments (Europe, Japan, China, India, Canada, Israel & Other governments) and green represents non-governmental spacecraft (commercial and amateur/student). This graph shows that the majority of spacecraft were launched for Russia, mainly in the 1970s and 1980s. The graph at right shows the number of spacecraft launched in the last ten years (2005-2014). An average of 146 spacecraft were launched in recent years; about a 17% for Russia and for the United States, and some 30-35% for other governments and for non-government. (Note tnat, from 2005 to 2012, the number of spacecraft launched each year averaged 120, but 214 were launched in 2013 and 285 in 2014.) (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
.
Yearly Summary of Spacecraft Launched
.
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
.
Spacecraft by Countries
.
Algeria Arab Countries Argentina Australia Belgium
Brazil Canada  Chile China Czeck Repûblic
Denmark Egypt Europe (All) European Agencies France
Germany India Indonesia Iran Israel
Italy Japan Kazakhstan Korea (South) Malaysia
Mexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway
Pakistan Russia 
(Soviet Union)
Spain Sweden Taiwan
Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States
.
The Encyclopedia Megatables
.
The table below presents the number of spacecraft launched every year. Il also gives access to the main lists that formed this encyclopedia.
• To view all spacecraft launched on a given year, click on the year in the first colum of the table.
• To view all Russian, or all American, or all European... spacecraft, click on the country name on top of the table.
• To view the list of all, or Russian, or American, or European, etc. spacecraft launch on a given year, click on the appropriate number in the colums.
• Each list give spacecraft names. Click on one of them to access the entry giving main data on this mission.
.
Table I - Number of Spacecraft Launched Each Year
.
Year
Summary
Year in
Review
Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
1957 Review. 3 2 1 . . . . . . . . .
1958 Review. 28 5 23 . . . . . . . . .
1959 Review 24 4 20 . . . . . . . . .
1960 Review 44 9 35 . . . . . . . . .
1961 Review 60 9 50 . . . . . . . . 1
1962 Review 96 22 70 1 . . . 1 . . 1 1
1963 . 97 24 72 . . . . . . . 1 .
1964 . 127 43 82 2 . . . . . . . .
1965 . 180 71 103 2 . . 1 . . 1 2
1966 . 174 54 116 1 2 . . . . . 1 .
1967 . 172 74 88 5 1 . . . . 1 3 .
1968 . 166 85 75 4 . . . . . . 2 .
1969 . 155 84 61 4 1 1 . 1 . . 3 .
1970 . 142 95 33 7 2 1 . . . . 3 1
1971 . 175 111 49 9 2 1 . 1 . . 2 .
1972 . 143 98 35 5 1 . . 1 . . 2 1
1973 . 146 114 26 3 . 1 . 1 . . 1 .
1974 . 136 101 18 10 1 2 . . . . 3 1
1975 . 168 120 30 7 2 3 1 1 . . 4 .
1976 . 164 125 23 2 2 3 . 1 . 1 7 .
1977 . 147 113 21 6 4 . . . . 1 2 .
1978 . 174 125 35 4 4 1 . 1 . . 3 1
1979 . 134 108 15 2 2 3 2 . . . 2 .
1980 . 144 111 21 6 2 . 1 . . . 2 1
1981 . 160 125 15 5 3 3 3 . . . 5 1
1982 . 160 134 12 2 1 1 1 2 . . 7 .
1983 . 162 118 26 2 3 1 2 1 . 1 7 1
1984 . 169 117 30 5 3 3 . 1 . 1 8 1
1985 . 172 121 28 3 2 1 . 1 . 7 8 1
1986 . 151 123 16 2 3 2 . . . 1 3 1
1987 . 141 118 13 2 3 2 1 . . 2 . .
1988 . 155 115 17 6 2 4 3 . 1 . 6 1
1989 . 139 100 25 5 2 . . . . . 7 .
1990 . 173 100 31 8 6 5 1 . 1 3 11 7
1991 . 143 85 32 9 3 1 1 2 . . 7 3
1992 . 135 80 24 10 2 2 2 1 . 4 9 1
1993 . 118 60 32 5 1 1 2 . . 3 8 6
1994 . 130 65 34 3 4 4 2 . 6 12 .
1995 . 113 39 30 10 3 . 2 1 1 3 20 4
1996 . 112 34 37 12 1 2 1 1 1 10 11 2
1997 . 158 28 26 10 4 2 2 . . 4 81 1
1998 . 174 28 23 12 2 1 . . 1 8 95 4
1999 . 133 17 24 8 1 4 2 1 . 8 66 2
2000 . 131 32 35 17 2 6 1 1 . 5 28 4
2001 . 93 29 31 8 4 2 2 1 . 3 13
2002 . 101 21 18 12 8 8 2 .1 1 4 22 4
2003 . 98 22 23 8 8 9 4 2 1 7 8 6
2004 . 77 21 10 13 . 10 1 1 1 3 14  3
2005 Review 78 21 13 15 4 6 3 1 . 3 10 2
2006 Review 116 15 29 9 9 7 1 . 1 16 10 19
2007 Review 123 18 32 9 6 9 5 2 1 12 20 9
2008 Review 111 21 15 11 3 14 4 3 2 8 23 7
2009 Review 129 29 28 17 6 5 3 2 . 9 17 13
2010 Review  129 27 25 10 6 18 3 0 1 9 20 10
2011 Review 137 25 21 10 4 20 5 1 1 13 23 14
2012 . 138 22 19 13 4 25 2 1 0 12 19 21
2013 Note - 214 30 42 17 4 20 4 4 1 12 33 47
2014 Statistics Note - 285 35 23 15 25 23 4 4 1 15 114 26
2015 Statistics Note - >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >>
Total . 7,757 3,682 1,941 383 168 237 73 44 16 195 788 230
. . 100% 47.5% 25.0% 4.9% 2.2% 3.1% 0.9% 0.6% 0.2% 2.5% 10.1% 3.0%
. . Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2015
.
Spacecraft by Weight Categories

In 2013, a ‘new era’ began with the launch of 96 microsatellites (weighting less than 10 kg). This ‘new era’ jumped the number of spacecraft launched during a year, from around 130 to more than 200.  The table below gives the number of spacecraft launched each year according to their weight. There are, accordingly, the ‘full-fledge’ spacecraft (weighting at least 100 kg), the microsatellite (less than 10 kg) and the small spacecraft (10-99 kg).  This table shows that there are about a hundred full-fledge spacecraft launched every year, about ten small spacecraft and a dozen or so microsatellites before 2013, and many dozens thereafter.
 

'Full-fledge' spacecraft
(>100 kg)
Small satellite
(10 - 99 kg)
Microsatellite
(<10 kg)
Total
2010 105 spacecraft = 81.4 %  6 spacecraft = 4.7 % 18 spacecraft = 13.9 % 129 spacecraft
2011 115 spacecraft = 83.9 % 10 spacecraft = 7.3 % 12 spacecraft =   8.8 % 137 spacecraft 
2012 103 spacecraft = 74.6 %  9 spacecraft = 6.5 % 26 spacecraft = 18.8 % 138 spacecraft
2013 107 spacecraft = 50.1 % 11 spacecraft = 5.0 % 96 spacecraft = 44.9 % 214 spacecraft
2014 125 spacecraft = 43.9 % 30 spacecraft = 10.5 % 130 spacecraft = 45.6 %  285 spacecraft
2015 (As of Mar. 31) 26 spacecraft = 54.2 % 2 spacecraft = 4.2 % 20 spacecraft = 41.7 % 48 spacecraft
Total 581 spacecraft = 61.1 % 68 spacecraft = 7.2 % 302 spacecraft = 31.8 % 951 spacecraft
.
Table 2 - Main Statistics 
(as of 31 December 2014)
.
1957-2014 Yearly average Percent
• Total Number of Spacecraft Launched: 7,757 spacecraft 136 spacecraft/year
(See complete lists: 1957-1999 and 2000-2014)
.
• Number of Russian Spacecraft: 3,682 spacecraft 65 spacecraft/year 47.5 %
• Number of American Spacecraft: 1,941 spacecraft 34 spacecraft/year 25.0 %
• Number of Other Governements Spacecraft:
(Europe, Japan, China, India, Canada, Other)
1,116 spacecraft 20 spacecraft/year 14.4 %
• Number of Commercial Spacecraft: 788 spacecraft 14 spacecraft/year 10.2 %
• Number of Amateur Spacecraft: 230 spacecraft 4 spacecraft/yeat 3,0 %
(See Table 3)
.
• Number of Civilian Spacecraft: 3,772 spacecraft 66 spacecraft/year 48.6 %
• Number of Military Spacecraft:  3,985 spacecraft 70 spacecraft/year 51.4 %
(See Table 4)
.
• Number of Successfull Spacecraft:  spacecraft  spacecraft/year  %
• Number of FailedSpacecraft:  spacecraft  spacecraft/year  %
(See Table 6)
.
Civilian Programs:
• Number of Piloted Spaceships (+ 35 military): 607 spacecraft 11 spacecraft/year 7.8 %
• Number of Planetary Probes: 245 spacecraft 4 spacecraft/year 3.2 %
• Number of Communications Satellites: 1,280 spacecraft 22½ spacecraft/year 16.5 %
• Number of Meteorology Satellites: 186 spacecraft 3 spacecraft/year 2.4 %
(See Table 8)
.
Military Satellites:
• Number of Surveillance (''spy”) Satellites:
(photo, ellint, ocean, missile surveillance):
1,885 spacecraft 33 spacecraft/year 24.3 %
• Number of Military Services Satellites:
(communications, navigation, meteo, etc.)
1,471 spacecraft 26 spacecraft/year 19.0 %
(See Table 9)
Source:© Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2015
.
Military vs. Civilian Spacecraft Launched
.
These two graphs traced the evolution of the number of military and civilian spacecraft launched from 1957 to 2014. The graph at left shows that the majority of military spacecraft were launched by the Soviet Union during the 1970s and 1980s (red), and a net decrease during the last fifteen years. About 30 military spacecraft were launched in recent years. The graph at right shows civilian spacecraft launched; in general, the numbers are relatively constant throughout the last 50 years (about 75 a year), except for a "surge" in commercial spacecraft launched at the end of the 1990s (green). And since 2013, we are seeing a record number of civilian spacecratf launched (154 and 240 for 2013 and 2014). (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
.
Other tables
• Table 3 - Spacecraft Sponsors
• Table 4 - Civilian vs. Military Spacecraft
• Table 5 - The Four Main Spacecraft Sources
• Table 6 - Success and Failure Ratio
• Table 7 - Spacecraft Failure Modes
• Table 8 - Civilian Families Statistics
• Table 9 - Military Families Statistics
.
Table 10 - Number of Spacecraft Launched by Family
..
Civilian Families 
.
Piloted Programs Earth/Space Science Biology Asstronomy / Sun
Planetary Exploration Communications Meteorology Remote Sensing
Material Processing Amateur/Student Technology
.
Space Exploration Space Applications R & D
Year Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
1957 . . 1 .
1958 . 13 . . 7
1959 . 8 . . 6
1960 8 3 . . 7
1961 12 8 . . 4
1962 5 9 . 1 11
1963 3 3 . 1 4
1964 3 14 . 3 10
1965 9 12 . 4 12
1966 15 9 2 3 10
1967 10 11 1 4 10
1968 14 13 . 6 3
1969 18 9 1 2 12
1970 6 11 1 2 6
1971 11 14 . 1 10
1972 9 11 . 2 5
1973 9 5 1 2 8
1974 6 5 1 3 2
1975 7 11 1 3 7
1976 2 6 . 1 1
1977 3 8 1 1 2
1978 10 11 . 3 8
1979 8 8 1 2 .
1980 10 1 . 1 .
1981 6 10 . 2 2
1982 11 1 . 1 .
1983 9 2 1 4 2
1984 13 7 . . 4
1985 11 4 1 1 2
1986 7 4 . 1 .
1987 11 2 1 1 .
1988 11 3 . . 6
1989 9 8 1 3 3
1990 12 5 . 3 3
1991 11 4 . 3 .
1992 14 11 1 1 1
1993 14 1 . 3 .
1994 15 6 . 1 (1)
1995 16 4 . 5 .
1996 13 11 1 6 9
1997 14 1 . 4 2
1998 12 4 . 2 4
1999 7 3 . 5 4
2000 13 8 . 2 .
2001 18 6 . 3 2
2002 12 3 . 2 1
2003 7 5 . 5 9
2004 6 5 . 1 3
2005 8 4 . 1 4
2006 8 9 1 5 1
2007 9 6 . 1 6
2008 14 9 . 1 2
2009 15 7 . 4 2
2010 12 2 1 1 2
2011 16 3 . 2 6
2012 13 5 . 1 .
2013 13 9 1 7 5
2014 14 7 .3 4 15
2015 >> >> >> >>
Total 572 381 23 131 245
7.37% 4.91% 0.30% 1.69% 3.16%
Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote
Sensing
Meterial
Process
Navi-
gation
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
2 2 . . .
. 1 . . .
2 3 . . .
3 4 . . .
5 2 . . .
3 4 . . .
4 6 . . .
7 6 . . .
6 5 . . .
5 5 . . .
9 7 . . .
5 5 . . .
9 5 1 . .
10 4 . . .
11 7 . . .
17 8 2 . .
20 4 . . .
12 7 . . .
15 4 2 . .
13 4 7 . .
13 4 5 . .
20 6 4 1 .
25 2 4 . .
27 3 9 1 .
24 4 8 1 .
30 3 7 1 .
18 3 6 1 .
12 3 6 1 .
26 5 9 1 .
20 4 7 1 .
31 3 6 2 .
26 4 7 1 .
26 . 5 2 .
23 3 6 . .
26 4 3 1 .
25 2 5 4 .
36 . 1 1 .
91 3 7 1 .
106 1 2 . .
73 2 12 1 .
41 3 5 . .
20 2 4 . .
36 4 6 2 .
20 . 6 . .
22 1 6 . .
21 3 4 1 1
22 4 6 1 .
32 . 10 2 .
33 2 6 . 1
24 3 7 . .
27 3 5 . 1
40 2 4 . 2
33 3 12 . 2
31 1 11 . 1
44 3 94 . 4
>> >> >> >>
1280 186 237 27 10
16.50% 2.40% 4.909% 0.35% 0.13%
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote 
Sensing
Meterial
Process
Navi-
gation
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
. 2
. 1
. .
. .
1 .
1 .
. 2
. 5
2 8
. 6
. 6
. 3
. 6
1 6
. 5
1 2
. 2
1 7
. 5
. 1
. 4
3 4
. 2
1 7
7 3
2 1
1 1
1 2
1 2
1 2
. 1
1 .
. .
7 2
3
1 4
5 4
1 7
4 4
2 3
2 8
6 9
2 8
4 17
3 9
6 14
6 10
4  3
1 14
20 10
8 10
7 9
13 18
10 16
14 7
21 7
44 27
26 25
>> >>
245 342
3.16% 4.41%
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
Space Exploration: Space Applications: R & D:
1,352 Spacecraft
(17.5 %)
1,820 Spacecraft
(23.5 %)
587 Spacecraft
(7.6 %)
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2015
.
Military Families 
.
Surveillance Electronic Intelligence Missile Early Warning Nuclear Test Monitor
Ocean Surveillance Communications Navigation Radar Calibration
Meteorology Space Defense Antisatellite Tests Piloted Programs
Science & Technology
.
Military Applications Military Services R & D
Year Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
1957 . . . . .
1958 . . . . .
1959 5 . . . .
1960 9 2 2 . .
1961 21 2 1 . .
1962 33 2 6 . .
1963 30 3 10 2 .
1964 37 . 10 2 .
1965 40 . 7 2 1
1966 47 3 10 . 1
1967 44 . 6 2 1
1968 45 . 10 . 1
1969 44 . 9 2 1
1970 39 2 8 2 1
1971 40 1 10 . 6
1972 39 2 10 . 1
1973 42 2 9 . 2
1974 37 1 7 . 3
1975 38 3 10 . 4
1976 40 2 10 . 8
1977 38 4 11 . 7
1978 36 3 9 . .
1979 35 4 7 . 2
1980 34 6 6 . 11
1981 38 7 5 . 6
1982 39 6 8 . 7
1983 34 3 6 . 10
1984 33 10 6 . 8
1985 29 8 11 . 6
1986 31 7 8 . 9
1987 32 5 9 . 10
1988 33 5 8 . 3
1989 25 3 4 . 3
1990 22 7 5 . 8
1991 14 3 2 . 5
1992 14 6 6 . .
1993 8 3 4 . 8
1994 8 3 5 . 1
1995 6 1 4 . 3
1996 5 . 2 . 5
1997 4 4 2 . 1
1998 5 2 2 . 1
1999 3 2 1 . 1
2000 5 1 1 . .
2001 2 2 . . 3
2002 4 2 . . .
2003 7 1 1 `. 2
2004 6 1 7 . 1
2005 5 . 2 . .
2006 5 1 4 . .
2007 9 2 1 . 2
2008 8 2 3 . .
2009 8 . 2 . .
2010 8 1 . . 3
2011 >0 1 4 . 2
2012 6 1 7 . .
2013 9 2 3 .
2014 10 3 3 . 6
2015 >> >> >> >>
Total 1258 147 304 12 164
16.22% 1.90% 3.92% 0.15% 2.11%
 Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel.
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
. . . .
. . . .
. 1 . .
2 3 . .
. 3 . .
. 1 3 2
1 4 1 3
8 4 2 4
26 4 9 4
16 4 1 3
14 5 5 3
11 2 5 2
1 3 8 1
12 5 . 2
22 2 4 2
19 4 2 2
28 6 . 1
19 5 3 2
29 5 1 1
30 9 4 2
13 10 6 1
43 12 2 1
22 6 3 1
28 9 4 1
28 7 4 .
32 11 6 1
21 14 9 1
25 18 4 .
29 15 3 .
36 10 3 .
27 14 3 1
20 16 3 1
26 14 3 .
30 15 3 1
30 10 3 1
24 17 . .
18 13 2 .
19 12 8 1
8 13 7 1
5 6 1 .
5 5 . .
10 5 . .
3 2 . 1
8 9 . .
7 5 . .
3 5 . .
7 8 1 1
3 7 . .
2 5 . .
3 5 . 1
5 11 . .
4 7 . .
10 7 . 1
8 16 . .
6 10 . .
10 7 . .
25 5 2 .
9 7 . .1
>> >>
852 438 129 52
10.98% 5.65% 1.66% 0.67%
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science &
Techno.
. . . .
. . . 7
. . . 4
. . . 4
. . . 7
. . . 17
. 1 . 22
. 1 . 17
2 . . 31
5 . 1 28
10 1 . 26
4 4 . 32
1 . . 27
2 4 . 16
1 6 . 30
. 1 1 18
. . 1 14
. . 3 13
. 1 3 15
. 7 5 13
. 7 4 8
1 2 4
. . 2 7
. 2 . 1
. 3 .1 .
. 2 1 .
. . .3 1
. . 1 .
. 4 3 1
2 . . 2
. . . 2
2 . 1 1
1 . 2 2
2 . 2 4
6 . 2 8
1 . .1 .
. . .. 3
2 . . 7
. . . 1
2 . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
.1 . . 13
. . . 7
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 10
. 1 . 8
. . . 3
3 . . 5
1 . . 12
. . . 8
. . . 10
. . . 18
3. . . 4
>>
51 46 35 510
0.66% 0.59% 0.45%  6.57%
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science &
Techno.
Military Applications: Military Services: R & D:
1,885 Spacecraft
(24.3 %)
1,471 Spacecraft
(19.0 %)
642 Spacecraft
(8.3 %)
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2015
.
Space Launchers
.
“A” Semiorka Angara Antares Ariane Athena Atlas Black Arrow
Chang Zheng Conestoga Delta Diamant Dnepr Energiya Epsilon
Europa Falcon Feng Bao H (Japan) Juno/Redstone Kosmos B Kosmos C
KT-1 KSLV Kuaizhou Lambda Minotaur Mu / M-V N (Japan)
N1 (USSR) NOTS Pegasus Proton (“D”) R-36 Rokot Safir
Saturn Scout Shaviyt Shtill SLV (India) Space Shuttle Start
Strela Taurus Thor Titan Tsyklon (“F”) Unha Vanguard
Vega VLS (Brazil) Volna Zenit (“J”)
.
Table 11 - Launchers Ranking
.
These graphs show the launch rate of all launchers. The graph at left shows the 12 launchers which had been launched more than 100 times. The central graph shows the 14 launchers which had been launched between 10 and 99 times. The graph at right shows the 21 launchers which had been launched less than 10 times. (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
.
Rank Launcher
Family
Launch
Success
Launch
Failure
Total
Launches
Success
Rate
Number 
of Payload
Carried
Percent 
of Total
Payload
Carried
First Launch 

Last Launch
.
1 Saturn 28 0 28 100 % 46 0.59 % 1961 - 1975
2 Minotaur 15 0 15 100 % 78 1.01 % 2000 - 2013
3 Space Shuttle 134 1 135 99.26 % 278 3.58 % 1981 - 2011
4 Soyuz (Semiorka) (Russia-era) 329½ 336  98.07 % 448 5.78 % 1992 - 2014
5 Tsyklon 225 10 235 95.74 % 363 4.68 % 1964 - 2009
6 Rokot 22 1 23 95.65 % 59 0.76 % 1994 - 2014
7 Ariane 210½ 10½ 221 95.25 % 396 5.11 % 1979 - 2014
8 Dnepr 20 1 21 95.24 % 162 2.09 % 1994 - 2014
9 Delta 351 18 369 95.12 % 504 6.50 % 1960 - 2014
10 Chang Zheng 193 11 204 94.81 % 269 3.47 % 1969 - 2014
11 Kosmos C 438 24 462 94.81 % 847 10.92 % 1964 - 2010
- A / Semiorka (Soviet-era) 1,362 84 1,446 94.19 % 1,497 19.30 % 1957 - 1991
12 N 14 1 15 93.33 % 15 0.19 % 1975 - 1987
13 Pegasus 39 3 42 92.86 % 86 1.11 % 1990 - 2013
14 Titan 202 18 220 91.82 % 332 4.28 % 1964 - 2005
15 Proton 364 37 401 90.77 % 538 6.97 % 1965 - 2014
16 R-36 22½ 25 90.00 % 25 0.32 % 1965 - 1971
17 Atlas 341 38 379 89.97 % 539 6.95 % 1958 - 2014
18 H 41 5 46 89.13 % 118 1.52 % 1986 - 2014
19 Scout 87 12 99 87.88 % 111 1.46 % 1960 - 1994
20 Kosmos B 144 21 165 87.27 % 165 2.13 % 1961 - 1977
21 Thor 213 31 244 87.03 % 348 4.46 % 1958 - 1965
22 Mu / M-V 26 4 30 86.67 % 36 0.46 % 1970 - 2006
23 Zenit 71 11 82 86.59 % 104 1.34 % 1985 - 2014
24 Falcon 15 3 18 83.33 % 47 0.61 % 2006 - 2014
25 Diamant 10 2 12 83.33 % 15 0.19 % 1965 - 1965
26 SLV (India) 33½ 10½ 44 76.14 % 91 1.17 % 1979 - 2014
27 Juno, Jupiter, Redstone 12 10 22 54.55 % 22 0.28 % 1958 - 1961
28 Vanguard 3 8 11 27.27 % 11 0.14 % 1957 - 1959
.
Vega 3 0 3 100 % 14 0.18 % 2012 - 2014
Strela 3 0 3 100 % 3 0.04 % 2003 - 2014
Kuaizhou 2 0 2 100 % 2 0.03 % 2013 - 2014
Shtil' 2 0 2 100 % 3 0.04 % 1998 - 2006
Angara 1 0 1 100 % 1 0.01 % 2014
Epsilon 1 0 1 100 % 1 0.01 % 2013
Start 6 1 7 85.71 % 9 0.12 % 1993 - 2006
Antares 4 1 5 80.00 % 82 0.18 % 2013 - 2014
Shaviyt 6 2 8 75.00 % 9 0.12 % 1998 - 2010
Athena 5 2 7 71.43 % 10 0.10 % 1995 - 2001
Taurus 6 9 9 66.67 % 22 0.28 % 1999 - 2014
Safir 3 (2) (5) (60.00 %) 3 0.04 % 2009 - 2012
Feng Bao 4 4 8 50.00 % 12 0.15 % 1994 - 1998
Energiya 1 1 2 50.00 % 2 0.03 % 1987 - 1988
Black Arrow 1 1 2 50.00 % 2 0.03 % 1994
Lambda 1 4 5 20.00 % 5 0.06 % 1966 - 1970
KSLV 1 2 3 33.33 % 2 0.03 % 2019 - 2013
Uhna 1 2 3 33.33 % 3 0.04 % 2009 - 2012
Conestoga 0 1 1 0 % 1 0.01 % 1998
Volna 0 1 1 0 % 1 0.01 % 2005
KT-1 0 2 2 0 % 2 0.03 % 2002 - 2003
VLS 0 3 3 0 % 4 0.05 % 1993 - 1997
N-1 0 4 4 0 % 4 0.05 % 1969 - 1972
Europa 0 4 4 0 % 4 0.05 % 1968 - 1971
NOTS 0 6 6 0 % 6 0.08 % 1958
Total 5,021 425 5,446 92.20 % 7,757 100 % 1957 - 2014
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2015
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Table 12 - National Score
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Nation Successful
Launches
Launch
Failures
Total  Success
Rate
 % of Total 
Launches
Spacecraft
Launched
% of spacecraft 
launched 
Russia 3,012.. 204.. 3,216 93.66 % 59.05 % 4,231... 54.5 %
United States 1,457.. 153.. 1,610 90.50 % 29.56 % 2,523... 32.5 %
Europe 224½ 17½ 242 92.77 %    4.44 % 446... 5.7 %
China 199.. 17.. 216 92.13 %    3.97 % 285... 3.7 %
Japan 83.. 14.. 97 85.57 %    1.78 % 160... 2.1 %
India 33½ 10½ 44 76.14 %    0.81 % 91... 1.2 %
Israel 67.. 2.. 9 77.78 %    0.17 % 9... 0.1 %
Brazil 0.. 3.. 3 00.00 %    0.06 % 4... 0.1 %
Iran 3.. 0.. 3 100 %    0.06 % 3... 0.0 %
South Korea 1.. 2.. 3 33.33 %    0.06 % 3... 0.0 %
North Korea 2.. 2.. 3 33.33 %    0.06 % 3... 0.0 %
Total 5,021 . 425.. 5,446 92.20 % 100.00 % 7,757... 100 %
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2015
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Table 13 - Modern, Commercial Launchers Scoreboard
(As of December 31, 2014)e
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Rank .. Launcher Number of Launches In services Success Rate Remarks
1) Atlas V 50 success in 50 launches 2002-2014 100 % All launches successful. (Note 1)
2) Falcon 9 12.8 sucess in 13 launches 2010-2014 98.8 % Last 7 launches successful.(Note 2)
3) Chang Zheng 141 success in 144 launches >2000-2014 97.9 % Last 16 launches successful. (Note 3)
4) Soyuz
• Soyuz-U 
• Soyuz-FG
• Soyuz-2
• Other type
190½ success in 195 launches
87 success in 89 launches
49 success in 49 launches
42½ success in 44 launches
12 success in 13 launches
2000-2014
>2000-2014 
2001-2014
2006-2014
2000-2010
97.7 %
97.0 %
100 %
96.36%
92.3 %
Last 8 launches successful. (Note 3)
(First Soyuxz-U launched in 1973)
5) Delta 4 26 success in 27 launches 2002-2014 96.3 % Last 23 launches successful.
6) Ariane V 73½ success in 77 launches 1996-2014 95.5 % Last 65 launches successful
7) Dnepr 19 success in 20 launches 1999-2014 95.0 % Last 14 launches successful.
8) Pegasus 39 success in 42 launches 1990-2013 92.9 % Last 28 launches successful.
9) Proton M 78 success in 85 launches 2001-2014 91.8 % Last 4 launches successful.
10) Rokot 21 success in 23 launches 1994-2014 91.3 % Last 7 launches successful
11) Zenit-3 41 success in 45 launches 1999-2014 91.1 % Last 2 launches successful.
12) SLV 27 success in 31 launches >2000-2014  87.1 % Last 12 launches successful.
13) H-II 32 success in 37 launches 1994-2014 86.5 % Last 24 launches successful.
14) Antares 4 success in 5 launches 2013-2014 80 % Last launch failed.
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Note 1: The last Atlas failure dated back to March 1993; since then, 122 successful launches were made.
Note 2: The fourth launch of a Falcon 9 achieve orbit even though one of its first-stage engine had an anomaly. The second stage compensated to reach orbit, although extra propellant was used and stage 2 did not restart as planned. We consider this launch a “80% success.”
Note 3: This launcher was in service well before the year 2000, but we consider its carrier as a commercial launcher from that year on.

 
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2015
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50 Years of Space Exploration it Two Graphs

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These two graphs summarized the first 50 years of space exploration by answering two questions: who launched spacechips and for what purpose?  Click on each graph to view the answer.
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Some Interesting Spacecraft Families
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• Master lists of All Spacecrafts Ever Launched: 1957-1999 and 2000-today.
Alphabetical Index of All spacecrafts (a ~1.0 MB webpage)
• Commercial Launch Contract
• Spacecrafts (Known) Failures
Geostationary Spacecrafts
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• ISS Operations (all mission launched toward the International Space Station).
• Soyuz Spaceships (all Soyuz variant launched fomr 1966 to today)
• The Progress Cargoships Family
• Transit and Navstar Navigation Satellites
• U.S. Piloted Programs Costs
• The Complete Reference on Spacewalks and Spacewalk's Descriptions

NEW: Tables on Piloted Spaceflight (in French)
• All Piloted Spaceflight in the 1960's, 1970’s, 1980’s, 1990’s and 2000’s
• Piloted Spaceflight by Length (from the longest to the shortest)
• List of all Space Explorers (Astronauts, Cosmonauts, Tourists, etc.)
• Space Explorers by Rank of First Mission
• Space Explorers by Time They Spend in Space
• ISS Expeditition Crews.
 

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© Claude Lafleur, 2004-2015 Mes sites web: claudelafleur.qc.ca