• Presentation of The Spacecraft Encyclopedia
• Q & A: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Spacecraft !
• Analyses and Essays
• The Big Picture
• The Encyclopedia Megatables
• Number of Spacecraft Launched Each Year
• Main Statistics
• Number of Spacecraft Launched by Family: Civilian and Military
• Space Launchers
• Launchers' Ranking
• National Score
• Some Interesting Spacecraft Families
.

• Summary of Spacecraft Laurcned in 2014 and Spacecrats Launched in 2014.

• Summary of Spacecraft Laurcned in 2013 and Spacecrats Launched in 2013.

.

Presentation of The Spacecraft Encyclopedia
Why an encyclopedia on all spacecraft ever launched? Because, beyond all projects, plans, "what we will do..." and "what we could have done if...", this is what Space exploration and operations are all about.

This website tries to present the most comprehensive views of all spacecraft ever launched (successfully or not) sponsored by every governments, organizations and corporations since October 1957. With more some 7,500 spacecraft, this encyclopedia represents a collossal endeavour which is only possible by starting with the works of such "giants" as Jonathan McDowell, Mark Wade, Asif Siddiqi, NASA Historians, NSSDC and many other sources.

The basic data for each spacecraft are presented in an entry written in "plain english", trying to be as accurate and concise as possible. Entries are grouped by year of launch, that is: entries for all spacecraft launched in a given year are on the same web page. Additional informations are available from the web links presented at the bottom of each entry.

See also: Spacecraft stats and insights, an introductory essay published in Space Review on April 5, 2010.

.
Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Spacecraft !
.
• How Many Spacecraft Were Launched?
•  How Many Spacecraft Are Russian, American, European, Etc.?
• What Proportion of These Spacecraft are Military and Civilian?
• What Proportion of Spacecraft had Accomplished Their mission, and Which Had Failed?
• For What Purpose Spacecraft Are Launched?
• How Many Spacecraft Are Piloted?
• How Many Probes Were Launched To Explore Our Solar System?
• How Many Communications Satellites Were Launched?
• How Many Meteosats Were Launched?
• What About Launchers: How Many, Which Are the Most Frequently Used and the Bests?
• What’s the Difference Between Spacecraft, Satellite, Spaceship and Probes? 
.
Analyses and Essays
.
•  Fifty years of piloted spaceflight: Where are we going? April 2011
• Spacecraft stats and insights (An Introduction to this Spacecraft Encyclopedia) April 2010
.
• Costs of U.S. Piloted Programs March 2010
•  Space Exploration: an Accelerator of New Ideas and Technology June 2009
.
•  Space Exploration at a Crossroad, (The Space Review):
Part 1 : Lessons To Be Learned
Part 2 : What Should We Do ?
October 2008
.
•  No More Dreams, Mr. President August 2006
..
The Big Picture
.
Since 1957, we are launching an average of 133 spacecraft every year. In all, 7,472 spacecraft were launched between 1957 and 2013. They included satellite (in Earth orbit), piloted spaceship and planetary probe. The left graph shows the number of spacecraft launched every year. Color red represents spacecraft launched for Russia, blue represents spacecraft launched for the United States, yellow represents other governments (Europe, Japan, China, India, Canada, Israel & Other governments) and green represents non-governmental spacecrafts (commercial and amateur/student). This graph shows that the majority of spacecraft were launched for Russia, mainly in the 1970s and 1980s. The graph at right shows the number of spacecraft launched in the last ten years (2004-2013). An average of 125 spacecraft were launched in recent years; about a quarter each for Russia, United States, other governments and non-government.  (Note tnat, from 2004 to 2012, the number of spacecraft launched each year averaged 115, but 214 were launched in 2013.) (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
.
Yearly Summary of Spacecrafts Launched
.
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
.
Spacecraft by Countries
.
Algeria Arab Countries Argentina Australia Belgium
Brazil Canada  Chile China Czeck Repûblic
Denmark Egypt Europe (All) European Agencies France
Germany India Indonesia Italy Iran
Israel Japan Kazakhstan Korea (South) Malaysia
Mexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway
Pakistan Russia 
(Soviet Union)
Spain Sweden Taiwan
Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States
.
The Encyclopedia Megatables
.
The table below presents the number of spacecraft launched every year. Il also gives access to the main lists that formed this encyclopedia.
• To view all spacecrafts launched on a given year, click on the year in the first colum of the table.
• To view all Russian, or all American, or all European... spacecraft, click on the country name on top of the table.
• To view the list of all, or Russian, or American, or European, etc. spacecraft launch on a given year, click on the appropriate number in the colums.
• Each list give spacecraft names. Click on one of them to access the entry giving main data on this mission.
.
Table I - Number of Spacecrafts Launched Each Year
.
Year
Summary
Year in
Review
Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
1957 Review. 3 2 1 . . . . . . . . .
1958 Review. 28 5 23 . . . . . . . . .
1959 Review 24 4 20 . . . . . . . . .
1960 Review 44 9 35 . . . . . . . . .
1961 Review 60 9 50 . . . . . . . . 1
1962 Review 96 22 70 1 . . . 1 . . 1 1
1963 . 97 24 72 . . . . . . . 1 .
1964 . 127 43 82 2 . . . . . . . .
1965 . 180 71 103 2 . . 1 . . 1 2
1966 . 174 54 116 1 2 . . . . . 1 .
1967 . 172 74 88 5 1 . . . . 1 3 .
1968 . 166 85 75 4 . . . . . . 2 .
1969 . 155 84 61 4 1 1 . 1 . . 3 .
1970 . 142 95 33 7 2 1 . . . . 3 1
1971 . 175 111 49 9 2 1 . 1 . . 2 .
1972 . 143 98 35 5 1 . . 1 . . 2 1
1973 . 146 114 26 3 . 1 . 1 . . 1 .
1974 . 136 101 18 10 1 2 . . . . 3 1
1975 . 168 120 30 7 2 3 1 1 . . 4 .
1976 . 164 125 23 2 2 3 . 1 . 1 7 .
1977 . 147 113 21 6 4 . . . . 1 2 .
1978 . 174 125 35 4 4 1 . 1 . . 3 1
1979 . 134 108 15 2 2 3 2 . . . 2 .
1980 . 144 111 21 6 2 . 1 . . . 2 1
1981 . 160 125 15 5 3 3 3 . . . 5 1
1982 . 160 134 12 2 1 1 1 2 . . 7 .
1983 . 162 118 26 2 3 1 2 1 . 1 7 1
1984 . 169 117 30 5 3 3 . 1 . 1 8 1
1985 . 172 121 28 3 2 1 . 1 . 7 8 1
1986 . 151 123 16 2 3 2 . . . 1 3 1
1987 . 141 118 13 2 3 2 1 . . 2 . .
1988 . 155 115 17 6 2 4 3 . 1 . 6 1
1989 . 139 100 25 5 2 . . . . . 7 .
1990 . 173 100 31 8 6 5 1 . 1 3 11 7
1991 . 143 85 32 9 3 1 1 2 . . 7 3
1992 . 135 80 24 10 2 2 2 1 . 4 9 1
1993 . 118 60 32 5 1 1 2 . . 3 8 6
1994 . 130 65 34 3 4 4 2 . 6 12 .
1995 . 113 39 30 10 3 . 2 1 1 3 20 4
1996 . 112 34 37 12 1 2 1 1 1 10 11 2
1997 . 158 28 26 10 4 2 2 . . 4 81 1
1998 . 174 28 23 12 2 1 . . 1 8 95 4
1999 . 133 17 24 8 1 4 2 1 . 8 66 2
2000 . 131 32 35 17 2 6 1 1 . 5 28 4
2001 . 93 29 31 8 4 2 2 1 . 3 13
2002 . 101 21 18 12 8 8 2 .1 1 4 22 4
2003 . 98 22 23 8 8 9 4 2 1 7 8 6
2004 . 77 21 10 13 . 10 1 1 1 3 14  3
2005 Review 78 21 13 15 4 6 3 1 . 3 10 2
2006 Review 116 15 29 9 9 7 1 . 1 16 10 19
2007 Review 123 18 32 9 6 9 5 2 1 12 20 9
2008 Review 111 21 15 11 3 14 4 3 2 8 23 7
2009 Review 129 29 28 17 6 5 3 2 . 9 17 13
2010 Review  129 27 25 10 6 18 3 0 1 9 20 10
2011 Review 137 25 21 10 4 20 5 1 1 13 23 14
2012 . 138 22 19 13 4 25 2 1 0 12 19 21
2013 Not 214 30 42 17 4 20 4 4 1 12 33 47
2014 Not >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >>
Total . 7,472 3,647 1,978 368 143 214 69 40 15 180 674 204
. . 100% 48.8% 25.7% 4.9% 1.9% 2.9% 0.9% 0.5% 0.2% 2.4% 9.0% 2.7%
. . Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2014
.
Spacecraft by Weight Categories

In 2013, a ‘new era’ began with the launch of 96 microsatellites (weighting 10 kg or less).  This ‘new era’ jumped the number of spacecraft launched during a year, from around 130 to more than 200.  The table below gives the number of spacecraft launched each year according to their weight.  There are, accordingly, the ‘full-fledge’ spacecraft (weighting at least 100 kg), the microsatellite (10 kg or less) and the small spacecraft (11-100 kg).  This table shows that there are about a hundred full-fledge spacecrafts launched every year, about ten small spacecrafts and a dozen or so microsatellites before 2013, and many dozens now on.
 

'Full-fledge' spacecraft
(>100 kg)
Minisatellite
(11 - 100 kg)
Microsatellite
(<10 kg)
Total
2010 105 spacecrafts - 81.4 %  6 spacecrafts - 4.7 % 18 spacecrafts - 13.9 % 129 spacecrafts
2011 115 spacecrafts - 83.9 % 10 spacecrafts - 7.3 % 12 spacecrafts -   8.8 % 137 spacecrafts 
2012 103 spacecrafts - 74.6 %  9 spacecrafts - 6.5 % 26 spacecrafts - 18.8 % 138 spacecrafts
2013 107 spacecrafts - 50.1 % 11 spacecrafts - 5.0 % 96 spacecrafts - 44.9 % 214 spacecrafts
2014 (As of May 31) 37 spacecrafts - 42.1 % 6 spacecrafts - 6.8 % 45 spacecrafts - 51.1 %  88 spacecrafts
Total 467 spacecrafts - 66.1 % 42 spacecrafts - 6.0 % 197 spacecrafts - 27.9 % 706 spacecrafts
.
Table 2 - Main Statistics 
(as of 31 December 2013)
.
1957-2011 Yearly average Percent
• Total Number of Spacecraft Launched: 7,472 spacecrafts 133 spacecrafts/year
(See complete list)
.
• Number of Russian Spacecraft: 3,647 spacecrafts 65 spacecrafts/year 48.8 %
• Number of American Spacecraft: 1,918 spacecrafts 34 spacecrafts/year 25.7 %
• Number of Other Governements Spacecraft:
(Europe,Japan, China, India, Canada, Other)
1,029 spacecrafts 18 spacecrafts/year 13.8 %
• Number of Commercial Spacecraft: 674 spacecrafts 12 spacecrafts/year 9.0 %
• Number of Amateur Spacecraft: 204 spacecrafts 3½ spacecrafst/yeat 2,7 %
(See Table 3)
.
• Number of Civilian Spacecraft: 3,532 spacecrafts 63 spacecrafts/year 47.3 %
• Number of Military Spacecraft:  3,940 spacecrafts 70 spacecrafts/year 52.7 %
(See Table 4)
.
• Number of Successfull Spacecraft: (6,369) spacecrafts 117 spacecrafts/year 89.5 %
• Number of FailedSpacecraft: (751) spacecrafts 14 spacecrafts/year 10.5 %
(See Table 6)
.
Civilian Programs:
• Number of Piloted Spaceships (+ 35 military): 593 spacecrafts 11 spacecrafts/year 7.9 %
• Number of Planetary Probes: 230 spacecrafts 4 spacecrafts/year 3.1 %
• Number of Communications Satellites: 1,238 spacecrafts 22 spacecrafts/year 16.6 %
• Number of Meteorology Satellites: 183 spacecrafts 3 spacecrafts/year 2.5 %
(See Table 8)
.
Military Satellites:
• Number of Surveillance (''spy”) Satellites:
(photo,ellint, ocean, missile surveillance):
1,863 spacecrafts 33 spacecrafts/year 24.9 %
• Number of Military Services Satellites:
(communications, navigation, meteo, etc.)
1,451 spacecrafts 26 spacecrafts/year 19.4 %
(See Table 9)
Source:© Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2014
.
Military vs. Civilian Spacecrafts Launched
.
These two graphs traced the evolution of the number of military and civilian spacecraft launched from 1957 to 2011. The graph at left shows that the majority of military spacecraft were launched by the Soviet Union during the 1970s and 1980s (red), and a net decrease during the last fifteen years. About 30 military spacecrafts were launched in recent years. The graph at right shows civilian spacecraft launched; in general, the numbers are relatively constant throughout the last 50 years (about 75 a year), except for a "surge" in commercial spacecrafts launched at the end of the 1990s (green). (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
.
Other tables
• Table 3 - Spacecraft Sponsors
• Table 4 - Civilian vs. Military Spacecrafts
• Table 5 - The Four Main Spacecraft Sources
• Table 6 - Success and Failure Ratio
• Table 7 - Spacecrafts Failure Modes
• Table 8 - Civilian Families Statistics
• Table 9 - Military Families Statistics
.
Table 10 - Number of Spacecrafts Launched by Family
..
Civilian Families 
.
Piloted Programs Earth/Space Science Biology Asstronomy / Sun
Planetary Exploration Communications Meteorology Remote Sensing
Material Processing Amateur/Student Technology
.
Space Exploration Space Applications R & D
Year Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
1957 . . 1 .
1958 . 13 . . 7
1959 . 8 . . 6
1960 8 3 . . 7
1961 12 8 . . 4
1962 5 9 . 1 11
1963 3 3 . 1 4
1964 3 14 . 3 10
1965 9 12 . 4 12
1966 15 9 2 3 10
1967 10 11 1 4 10
1968 14 13 . 6 3
1969 18 9 1 2 12
1970 6 11 1 2 6
1971 11 14 . 1 10
1972 9 11 . 2 5
1973 9 5 1 2 8
1974 6 5 1 3 2
1975 7 11 1 3 7
1976 2 6 . 1 1
1977 3 8 1 1 2
1978 10 11 . 3 8
1979 8 8 1 2 .
1980 10 1 . 1 .
1981 6 10 . 2 2
1982 11 1 . 1 .
1983 9 2 1 4 2
1984 13 7 . . 4
1985 11 4 1 1 2
1986 7 4 . 1 .
1987 11 2 1 1 .
1988 11 3 . . 6
1989 9 8 1 3 3
1990 12 5 . 3 3
1991 11 4 . 3 .
1992 14 11 1 1 1
1993 14 1 . 3 .
1994 15 6 . 1 (1)
1995 16 4 . 5 .
1996 13 11 1 6 9
1997 14 1 . 4 2
1998 12 4 . 2 4
1999 7 3 . 5 4
2000 13 8 . 2 .
2001 18 6 . 3 2
2002 12 3 . 2 1
2003 7 5 . 5 9
2004 6 5 . 1 3
2005 8 4 . 1 4
2006 8 9 1 5 1
2007 9 6 . 1 6
2008 14 9 . 1 2
2009 15 7 . 4 2
2010 12 2 1 1 2
2011 16 3 . 2 6
2012 13 5 . 1 .
2013 13 9 1 7 5
2014 >> >> . >> >>
Total 558 374 20 127 230
7.47% 5.01% 0.27% 1.70% 3.08%
Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote
Sensing
Meterial
Process
Navi-
gation
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
2 2 . . .
. 1 . . .
2 3 . . .
3 4 . . .
5 2 . . .
3 4 . . .
4 6 . . .
7 6 . . .
6 5 . . .
5 5 . . .
9 7 . . .
5 5 . . .
9 5 1 . .
10 4 . . .
11 7 . . .
17 8 2 . .
20 4 . . .
12 7 . . .
15 4 2 . .
13 4 7 . .
13 4 5 . .
20 6 4 1 .
25 2 4 . .
27 3 9 1 .
24 4 8 1 .
30 3 7 1 .
18 3 6 1 .
12 3 6 1 .
26 5 9 1 .
20 4 7 1 .
31 3 6 2 .
26 4 7 1 .
26 . 5 2 .
23 3 6 . .
26 4 3 1 .
25 2 5 4 .
36 . 1 1 .
91 3 7 1 .
106 1 2 . .
73 2 12 1 .
41 3 5 . .
20 2 4 . .
36 4 6 2 .
20 . 6 . .
22 1 6 . .
21 3 4 1 1
22 4 6 1 .
32 . 10 2 .
33 2 6 . 1
24 3 7 . .
27 3 5 . 1
40 2 4 . 2
33 3 12 . 2
31 1 11 . 1
>> >> >> . >>
1238 183 223 27 6
16.57% 2.45% 2.98% 0.36% 0.08%
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote 
Sensing
Meterial
Process
Navi-
gation
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
. 2
. 1
. .
. .
1 .
1 .
. 2
. 5
2 8
. 6
. 6
. 3
. 6
1 6
. 5
1 2
. 2
1 7
. 5
. 1
. 4
3 4
. 2
1 7
7 3
2 1
1 1
1 2
1 2
1 2
. 1
1 .
. .
7 2
3
1 4
5 4
1 7
4 4
2 3
2 8
6 9
2 8
4 17
3 9
6 14
6 10
4  3
1 14
20 10
8 10
7 9
13 18
10 16
14 7
21 7
44 27
>> >>
219 318
2.93% 4.26%
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
Space Exploration: Space Applications: R & D:
1,309 Spacecrafts
(17.5 %)
1,677 Spacecrafts
(22.4 %)
537 Spacecrafts
(7.2 %)
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2011
.
Military Families 
.
Surveillance Electronic Intelligence Missile Early Warning Nuclear Test Monitor
Ocean Surveillance Communications Navigation Radar Calibration
Meteorology Space Defense Antisatellite Tests Piloted Programs
Science & Technology
.
Military Applications Military Services R & D
Year Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
1957 . . . . .
1958 . . . . .
1959 5 . . . .
1960 9 2 2 . .
1961 21 2 1 . .
1962 33 2 6 . .
1963 30 3 10 2 .
1964 37 . 10 2 .
1965 40 . 7 2 1
1966 47 3 10 . 1
1967 44 . 6 2 1
1968 45 . 10 . 1
1969 44 . 9 2 1
1970 39 2 8 2 1
1971 40 1 10 . 6
1972 39 2 10 . 1
1973 42 2 9 . 2
1974 37 1 7 . 3
1975 38 3 10 . 4
1976 40 2 10 . 8
1977 38 4 11 . 7
1978 36 3 9 . .
1979 35 4 7 . 2
1980 34 6 6 . 11
1981 38 7 5 . 6
1982 39 6 8 . 7
1983 34 3 6 . 10
1984 33 10 6 . 8
1985 29 8 11 . 6
1986 31 7 8 . 9
1987 32 5 9 . 10
1988 33 5 8 . 3
1989 25 3 4 . 3
1990 22 7 5 . 8
1991 14 3 2 . 5
1992 14 6 6 . .
1993 8 3 4 . 8
1994 8 3 5 . 1
1995 6 1 4 . 3
1996 5 . 2 . 5
1997 4 4 2 . 1
1998 5 2 2 . 1
1999 3 2 1 . 1
2000 5 1 1 . .
2001 2 2 . . 3
2002 4 2 . . .
2003 7 1 1 `. 2
2004 6 1 7 . 1
2005 5 . 2 . .
2006 5 1 4 . .
2007 9 2 1 . 2
2008 8 2 3 . .
2009 8 . 2 . .
2010 8 1 . . 3
2011 >0 1 4 . 2
2012 6 1 7 . .
2013 9 2 3 . >>
2014 >> >> >> . >>
Total 1248 144 301 12 158
16.70% 1.93% 4.03% 0.16% 2.11%
 Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel.
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
. . . .
. . . .
. 1 . .
2 3 . .
. 3 . .
. 1 3 2
1 4 1 3
8 4 2 4
26 4 9 4
16 4 1 3
14 5 5 3
11 2 5 2
1 3 8 1
12 5 . 2
22 2 4 2
19 4 2 2
28 6 . 1
19 5 3 2
29 5 1 1
30 9 4 2
13 10 6 1
43 12 2 1
22 6 3 1
28 9 4 1
28 7 4 .
32 11 6 1
21 14 9 1
25 18 4 .
29 15 3 .
36 10 3 .
27 14 3 1
20 16 3 1
26 14 3 .
30 15 3 1
30 10 3 1
24 17 . .
18 13 2 .
19 12 8 1
8 13 7 1
5 6 1 .
5 5 . .
10 5 . .
3 2 . 1
8 9 . .
7 5 . .
3 5 . .
7 8 1 1
3 7 . .
2 5 . .
3 5 . 1
5 11 . .
4 7 . .
10 7 . 1
8 16 . .
6 10 . .
10 7 . .
25 5 2 .
>> >> . .
841 431 128 51
11.26% 5.77% 1.71% 0.68%
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science &
Techno.
. . . .
. . . 7
. . . 4
. . . 4
. . . 7
. . . 17
. 1 . 22
. 1 . 17
2 . . 31
5 . 1 28
10 1 . 26
4 4 . 32
1 . . 27
2 4 . 16
1 6 . 30
. 1 1 18
. . 1 14
. . 3 13
. 1 3 15
. 7 5 13
. 7 4 8
1 2 4
. . 2 7
. 2 . 1
. 3 .1 .
. 2 1 .
. . .3 1
. . 1 .
. 4 3 1
2 . . 2
. . . 2
2 . 1 1
1 . 2 2
2 . 2 4
6 . 2 8
1 . .1 .
. . .. 3
2 . . 7
. . . 1
2 . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
.1 . . 13
. . . 7
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 10
. 1 . 8
. . . 3
3 . . 5
1 . . 12
. . . 8
. . . 10
. . . 18
. . . >>
48 46 35 506
0.64% 0.62% 0.49%  6.77%
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science &
Techno.
Military Applications: Military Services: R & D:
1,863 Spacecrafts
(24.9 %)
1,451 Spacecrafts
(19.4 %)
635 Spacecrafts
(8.5 %)
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2011
.
Space Launchers
.
“A” Semiorka Angara Antares Ariane Athena Atlas Black Arrow
Chang Zheng Conestoga Delta Diamant Dnepr Energiya Epsilon
Europa Falcon Feng Bao H (Japan) Juno/Redstone Kosmos B Kosmos C
KT-1 KSLV Kuaizhou Lambda Minotaur Mu / M-V N (Japan)
N1 (USSR) NOTS Pegasus Proton (“D”) R-36 Rokot Safir
Saturn Scout Shaviyt Shtill SLV (India) Space Shuttle Start
Strela Taurus Thor Titan Tsyklon (“F”) Unha Vanguard
Vega VLS (Brazil) Volna Zenit (“J”)
.
Table 11 - Launchers Ranking
.
These graphs show the launch rate of all launchers. The graph at left shows the 12 launchers which had been launched more than 100 times. The central graph shows the 14 launchers which had been launched between 10 and 99 times. The graph at right shows the 21 launchers which had been launched less than 10 times. (Click on each graph to enlarge.)
Rank Launcher
Family
Launch
Success
Launch
Failure
Total
Launches
Success
Rate
Number 
of Payload
Carried
Percent 
of Total
Payload
Carried
First Launch 

Last Launch
.
1 Saturn 28 0 28 100 % 46 0.67 % 1961 - 1975
2 Minotaur 15 0 15 100 % 46 0.65 % 2000 - 2013
3 Space Shuttle 134 1 135 99.26 % 278 3.91 % 1981 - 2011
4 A / Semiorka
(Russia-era)
308 6 314  98.09 % 359 4.04 % 1992 - 2013
5 F / Tsyklon 225 10 235 95.74 % 363 5.30 % 1964 - 2009
6 Rokot 20 1 21 95.24 % 36 0.51 % 1994 - 2013
7 Ariane 204½ 10½ 204 95.12 % 364 5.11 % 1979 - 2013
8 Delta 346 18 364 95.05 % 490 6.88 % 1960 - 2013
9 Kosmos C 438 24 462 94.81 % 847 12.13 % 1964 - 2010
10 Dnepr 18 1 19 94.74 % 85 1.79 % 1994 - 2013
- A / Semiorka
(Soviet-era)
1,362 84 1,446 94.19 % 1,497 21.03 % 1957 - 1991
11 Chang Zheng 178 11 189 94.18 % 193 2.71 % 1969 - 2013
12 N 14 1 15 93.33 % 15 0.22 % 1975 - 1987
13 Pegasus 39 3 42 92.86 % 84 1.23 % 1990 - 2013
14 Titan 202 18 220 91.82 % 332 4.84 % 1964 - 2005
15 D / Proton 357 36 393 90.84 % 503 7.07 % 1965 - 2013
16 R-36 22½ 25 90.00 % 25 0.36 % 1965 - 1971
17 Atlas 332 38 370 89.73 % 490 6.88 % 1958 - 2013
18 H 37 5 42 88.10 % 72 1.01 % 1986 - 2013
19 Scout 87 12 99 87.88 % 111 1.62 % 1960 - 1994
20 Kosmos B 144 21 165 87.27 % 165 2.41 % 1961 - 1977
21 Thor 213 31 244 87.03 % 348 5.08 % 1958 - 1965
22 Mu / M-V 26 4 30 86.67 % 36 0.53 % 1970 - 2006
22 Zenit (J) 70 11 81 86.42 % 98 1.38 % 1985 - 2013
24 Diamant 10 2 12 83.33 % 15 0.22 % 1965 - 1965
25 Falcon 9 3 12 75.00 % 18 0.26 % 2006 - 2013
26 SLV (India) 29½ 10½ 40 73.75 % 70 0.98 % 1979 - 2013
27 Juno, Jupiter, Redstone 12 10 22 54.55 % 22 0.32 % 1958 - 1961
28 Vanguard 3 8 11 27.27 % 11 0.16 % 1957 - 1959
.
Antares 2 0 1 100 % 6 2013
Vega 2 0 2 100 % 13 2012 - 2013
Shtil' 2 0 2 100 % 3 0.04 % 1998 - 2006
Strela 2 0 2 100 % 1 0.01 % 2003 et 2013
Epsilon 1 0 1 100 % 1 2013
Kuaizhou 1 0 1 100 % 1 2013
Start 6 1 7 85.71 % 9 0.13 % 1993 - 2006
Shaviyt 6 2 8 75.00 % 8 0.11 % 1998 - 2010
Athena 5 2 7 71.43 % 10 0.15 % 1995 - 2001
Taurus 6 3 9 66.67 % 22 0.31 % 1999 - 2011
Safir 3 (2) (5) (60.00 %) 2 0.02 % 2009 - 2012
Feng Bao 4 4 8 50.00 % 12 0.18 % 1994 - 1998
Energiya 1 1 2 50.00 % 2 0.03 % 1987 - 1988
Black Arrow 1 1 2 50.00 % 2 0.03 % 1994
Lambda 1 4 5 20.00 % 5 0.07 % 1966 - 1970
Conestoga 0 1 1 0 % 1 0.01 % 1998
KSLV 1 2 3 33.33 % 2 0.03 % 2019 - 2013
Uhna 1 2 3 33.33 % 2009 - 2012
Volna 0 1 1 0 % 1 0.01 % 2005
KT-1 0 2 2 0 % 2 0.03 % 2002 - 2003
VLS 0 3 3 0 % 4 0.06 % 1993 - 1997
N-1 0 4 4 0 % 4 0.06 % 1969 - 1972
Europa 0 4 4 0 % 4 0.06 % 1968 - 1971
NOTS 0 6 6 0 % 6 0.09 % 1958
Total 4,930½ 422½ 5,3536 92.12 % 7,120 100 % 1957 - 2011
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2014
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Table 12 - National Score
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Nation Successful
Launches
Launch
Failures
Total  Success
Rate
 % of Total Launches Spacecraft
Launched
% of spacecraft launched 
Russia 2,908½ 206½ 3,115 93.37 % 59.90 % 3,998... 56.2 %...
United States 1,400¼ 155¼ 1,555 90.03 % 29.90 % 2,315... 32.5 %...
Europe 204½ 17½ 222 92.12 %    4.27 % 400... 5.6 %...
China 150¼ 16¼ 166 90.36 %    3.19 % 207... 2.9 %...
Japan 74¼ 14¼ 88 84.04 %    1.69 % 113... 1.6 %...
India 24½ 10½ 35 70.00 %    0.55 % 70... 1.0 %...
Israel 2¼ =8 75.00 %    0.14 % 8... 0.1 %...
Brazil 0¼ 3¼ 3 00.00 %    0.06 % 4... 0.1 %...
Iran 3 66.67 %    0.02 % 2... 0.0 %...
S. Korea 0¼ 1¼ 1 00.00 %    0.02 % 2... 0.0 %...
Total 4,769½ 424½ 5,194 91.83 % 100.00 % 7,120... 100 %...
Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2011
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Modern, Commercial Launchers Scoreboard
(As of 31 March 2014)


Rank Launcher Number of Launches In services Success Rate Remarks
1) Atlas V 43 success in 43 launches 2002-2014 100 % All launches successful.
2) Delta 4 23 success in 24 launches 2002-2014 98.8 % Last 21 launches successful.
3) Soyuz
• Soyuz-U 
• Soyuz-FB 
• Soyuz-2
• Soyuz ST
172 success in 176 launches
96 success in 99 launches
46 success in 46 launches
26 success in 27 launches
4 success in 4 launches
2000-2014
<2000-2014 
2001-2014
2006-2014
2004-2014
97.7 %
97.0 %
100 %
96.3 %
100 %
Last 34 launches successful.
(First Soyuxz-U launched in 1973)
4) Dnepr 18 success in 19 launches 1999-2013 97.7 % Last 12 launches successful.
5) Chang Zheng 127 success in 130 launches <2000-2014  97.7 %
6) Proton M 74 success in 80 launches 2001-2014 92.5 % Last 7 launches successful.
7) Ariane V 69½ success in 73 launches 1996-2014 92.2 % Last 59 launches successful.
8) Pegasus XL 31 success in 34 launches 1994-2013 91.2 % Last 28 launches successful.
9) Zenit-3 40 success in 44 launches 1999-2013 90.9 %
10) Rokot 19 success in 21 launches 1994-2013 90.4 % Last 5 launches successful.
11) India's SLV 24 success in 28 launches <2000-2014  85.7 % Last 9 launches successful.
12) H-II 29 success in 34 launches 1994-2014 85.3 % Last 21 launches successful.
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Falcon 9 7.8 sucess in 8 launches 2010-2014 97.5 %
Antares 3 success in 3 launches 2013-2014 100 %

Source: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2014
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50 Years of Space Exploration it Two Graphs

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These two graphs summarized the first 50 years of space exploration by answering two questions: who launched spacechips and for what purpose?  Click on each graph to view the answer.
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Some Interesting Spacecraft Families
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• Master lists of All Spacecrafts Ever Launched: 1957-1999 and 2000-today.
Alphabetical Index of All spacecrafts (a ~1.0 MB webpage)
• Commercial Launch Contract
• Spacecrafts (Known) Failures
Geostationary Spacecrafts
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• ISS Operations (all mission launched toward the International Space Station).
• Soyuz Spaceships (all Soyuz variant launched fomr 1966 to today)
• The Progress Cargoships Family
• Transit and Navstar Navigation Satellites
• U.S. Piloted Programs Costs
• The Complete Reference on Spacewalks and Spacewalk's Descriptions

NEW: Tables on Piloted Spaceflight (in French)
• All Piloted Spaceflight in the 1960's, 1970’s, 1980’s, 1990’s and 2000’s
• Piloted Spaceflight by Length (from the longest to the shortest)
• List of all Space Explorers (Astronauts, Cosmonauts, Tourists, etc.)
• Space Explorers by Rank of First Mission
• Space Explorers by Time They Spend in Space
• ISS Expeditition Crews.
 

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© Claude Lafleur, 2004-2014 Mes sites web: claudelafleur.qc.ca