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Click on a particular year (below) to acces directly the list of planetary probes launched in that year:
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2013 2013 2014
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# Spacecraft Country ranks Launch date . Targer Sponsor
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1 9 5 7 (0 Planetary  Pobe in 3 missions = 0 %)

None.
 
1 9 5 8 (7 Planetary Probes in 28 missions = 25 %)
1) Able 1 / "Pioneer 0" 1st American 17 Aug 58 Moon attempt #1 (failure)  U.S. Air Force
2) "Luna" 1st Soviet 23 Sep 58 Moon attemp #2 (failure) Soviet Union 
(Korolev's OKB-1
3) Able 2 / Pîoneer 1 2nd American 11 Oct 58 Moon attemp #3 (failure) U.S. Air Force
-NASA
4) "Luna" 2nd Soviet 11 Oct 58 Moon attemp #4 (failure) Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
5) Pioneer 2 3rd American 8 Nov 58 Moon attemp #5 (failure) U.S. Air Force
-NASA
6) "Luna" 3rd Soviet 4 Dec 58 Moon attemp #6 (failure) Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
7) Able 3 / Pioneer 3 4th American 6 Dec 58 Moon attemp #7 (failure) NASA-AMBA
1 9 5 9 (6 Planetary Probes in 24 missions = 25 %)
8) "Luna 1" 4th Soviet 2 Jan 59 Moon Partial success Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
9) Pioneer 4 5th American 3 Mar 59 Moon Partial success. NASA-AMBA
10) "Luna" 5th Soviet 18 Jun 59 Moon Failure Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
11) "Luna 2" 6th Soviet 12 Sep 59 Moon Success Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
12) "Luna 3" 7th Soviet 4 Oct 59 Moon Success Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
13) Pioneer P-3 6th American 26 Nov 59 Moon Failure NASA
1 9 6 0 (7 Planetary Probes in 44 missions = 16 %)
14) Pioneer 5 7th American 11 Mar 60 R&D Success NASA-U.S. 
Air Force.
15) Luna 8th Soviet 15 Apr 60 Moon Failure. Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
16) Luna 9th Soviet 19 Apr 60 Moon  Failure Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
17) Pioneer P-30 8th American 25 Sep 60 Moon Failure. NASA-U.S. 
Air Force
18) Mars 10th Soviet 10 Oct 60 Moon  Failure. Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
19) Mars 11th Soviet 14 Oct 60 Moon  Failure. Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
20) Pioneer P-31 9th American 15 Dec 60 Moon  Failure. NASA-U.S.
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 1 (4 Planetary Probes in 60 missions = 7 %)
21) Venera 12th Soviet 4 Feb 61 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
22) Venera 1 13th Soviet 12 Feb 61 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
23) Ranger 1 10th American 23 Aug 61 Moon NASA
24) Ranger 2 11th American 18 Nov 61 Moon NASA
1 9 6 2 (11 Planetary Probes in 96 missions = 11 %)
25) Ranger 3 12th American 26 Jan 62 Moon NASA
26) Ranger 4 13th American 23 Apr 62 Moon NASA
27) Mariner 1 14th American 22 Jul 62 Mars NASA
28) Venera 14th Soviet 25 Jul 62 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
29) Mariner 2 15th American 27 Aug 62 Venus NASA
30) Venera 15th Soviet 1 Sep 62 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
31) Venera 16th Soviet 10 Sep 62 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
32) Ranger 5 16th American 18 Oct 62 Moon NASA
33) Mars 17th Soviet 24 Oct 62 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
34) Mars 1 18th Soviet 1 Nov 62 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
35) Mars 19th Soviet 4 Nov 62 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 3 (4 Planetary Probes in 97 missions = 4 %)
36) Luna 20th Soviet 4 Jan 63 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
37) Luna 21st Soviet 3 Feb 63 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
38) Luna 4 22nd Soviet 2 Apr 63 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
39) Kosmos 21 (3MV-1 1) 23rd Soviet 11 Nov 63 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 4 (10 Planetary Probes in 127 missions = 8 %)
40) Ranger 6 17th American 3 Jan 64 Moon NASA
41) Zond 24th Soviet 19 Feb 64 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
42) Luna 25th Soviet 21 Mar 64 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
43) Kosmos 27 (3MV-1 3 SA) 26th Soviet 27 Mar 64 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
44) Zond 1 27th Soviet 2 Apr 64 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
45) Luna 28th Soviet 20 Apr 64 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
46) Ranger 7 18th American 28 Jul 64 Moon NASA
47) Mariner 3 19th American 5 Nov 64 Mars NASA
48) Mariner 4 20th American 28 Nov 64 Mars NASA
49) Zond 2 29th Soviet 30 Nov 64 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 5 (12 Planetary Probes in 180 missions = 7 %)
50) Ranger 8 21st American 17 Feb 65 Moon NASA
51) Kosmos 60 30th Soviet 12 Mar 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
52) Ranger 9 22nd American 21 Mar 65 Moon NASA
53) Luna 31st Soviet 10 Apr 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
54) Luna 5 32nd Soviet 9 May 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
55) Luna 6 33rd Soviet 8 Jun 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
56) Zond 3 34th Soviet 18 Jul 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
57) Luna 7 35th Soviet 4 Oct 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
58) Venera 2 36th Soviet 12 Nov 65 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
59) Venera 3 37th Soviet 16 Nov 65 Venus  Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
30) Kosmos 96 38th Soviet 23 Nov 65 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
61) Luna 8 39th Soviet 3 Dec 65 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 6 (10 Planetary Probes in 174 missions = 6 %)
62) Luna 9 40th Soviet 31 Jan 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
63) Kosmos 111 / E-6S 204 41st Soviet 1 Mar 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
64) Luna 10 42nd Soviet 31 Mar 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
65) Surveyor 1 23rd American 30 May 66 Moon NASA
66) Lunar Orbiter 1 24th American 10 Aug 66 Moon NASA
67) Luna 11 43rd Soviet 24 Aug 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
68) Surveyor 2 25th American 20 Sep 66 Moon NASA
69) Luna 12 44th Soviet 22 Oct 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
70) Lunar Orbiter 2 26th American 6 Nov 66 Moon NASA
71) Luna 13 45th Soviet 21 Dec 66 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 7 (10 Planetary Probes in 172 missions = 6 %)
72) Lunar Orbiter 3 27th American 5 Feb 67 Moon NASA
73) Surveyor 3 28th American 17 Apr 67 Moon NASA
74) Lunar Orbiter 4 29th American 4 May 67 Moon NASA
75) Mariner 5 30th American 12 Jun 67 Venus NASA
76) Venera 4 46th Soviet 14 Jun 67 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
77) Kosmos 167 / 4V-1 311 47th Soviet 17 Jun 67 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
78) Surveyor 4 31st American 14 Jul 67 Moon NASA
79) Lunar Orbiter 5 32nd American 1 Aug 67 Moon NASA
80) Surveyor 5 33rd American 8 Sep 67 Moon NASA
81) Surveyor 6 34th American 7 Nov 67 Moon NASA
1 9 6 8 (3 Planetary Probes in 166 missions = 2 %)
82) Surveyor 7 35th American 7 Jan 68 Moon NASA
83) Luna 48th Soviet 7 Feb 68 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
84) Luna 14 49th Soviet 7 Apr 68 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 6 9 (12 Planetary Probes in 155 missions = 8 %)
85) Venera 5 50th Soviet 5 Jan 69 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
86) Venera 6 51st Soviet 10 Jan 69 Venus Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
87) Luna 52nd Soviet 19 Feb 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
88) Lunokhod 53rd Soviet 19 Feb 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
89) Mariner 6 36th American 25 Feb 69 Mars NASA
90) Mars 54th Soviet 27 Mar 69 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
91) Mariner 7 37th American 27 Mar 69 Mars NASA
92) Mars 55th Soviet 2 Apr 69 Mars Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
93) Luna 56th Soviet 14 Jun 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
94) Luna 15 57th Soviet 13 Jul 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
95) Kosmos 300 (Luna) 58th Soviet 23 Sep 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
96) Kosmos 305 (Luna) 59th Soviet 22 Oct 69 Moon Soviet Union
(Korolev's OKB-1)
1 9 7 0 (6 planetary probes in 142 missions = %)
97) Luna 60th Soviet ...
98) Venera 7 61st Soviet
99) Kosmos 359 (Venera) 62nd Soviet
100) Luna 16 63rd Soviet
101) Luna 17 64th Soviet
102) Lunokhod 65th Soviet
1 9 7 1 (10 planetary probes in 175 missions = %)
103) Mariner 8 39th American ...
104) Kosmos 419 (Mars) 66th Soviet
105) Mars 2 Orbiter 67th Soviet
106) Mars 2 Lander 68th Soviet
107) Mars 3 Orbiter 69th Soviet
108) Mars 3 Lander 70th Soviet
109) Mariner 9 39th American
110) Apollo 15 Subsatellite 40th American
111) Luna 18 71st Soviet
112) Luna 19 72nd Soviet
1 9 7 2 (5 planetary probes in 143 missions = %)
113) Luna 20 73rd Soviet ...
114) Pioneer 10 41st American
115) Venera 8 74th Soviet
116) Kosmos 482 (Venus) 75th Soviet
117) Apollo 16 Subsatellite 42nd American
1 9 7 3 (8 planetary probes in 146 missions = %)
118) Luna 21 76th Soviet ...
119) Lunokhod 2 77th Soviet
120) Pioneer 11 43rd American
121) Mariner 10 44th American
122) Mars 4 78th Soviet
123) Mars 5 79th Soviet
124) Mars 6 80th Soviet
125) Mars 7 81st Soviet
1 9 7 4 (2 planetary probes in 136 missions = %)
126) Luna 22 82nd Soviet ...
127) Luna 23 83nd Soviet
1 9 7 5 (7 planetary probes in 168 missions = %)
128) Venera 9 84th Soviet ...
129) Venera 10 85th Soviet
130) Viking 1 Orbiter 45th American
131) Viking 1 Lander 46th American
132) Viking 2 Orbiter 47th American
133) Viking 2 Lander 48th American
134) Luna 86th Soviet
1 9 7 6 (1 planetary probe in 164 missions = %)
135) Luna 24 87th Soviet ...
1 9 7 7 (2 planetary probes in 147 missions = %)
136) Voyager 2 49th American ...
137) Voyager 1 50th American
1 9 7 8 (8 planetary probes in 174 missions = %)
138) Pioneer Venus 1 51st American ...
139) Pioneer Venus 2 52nd American
140) Sounder Probe 53rd American
141) North Probe 54th American
142) Day Probe 55th American
143) Night Probe 56th American
144) Venera 11 88th Soviet
145) Venera 12 89th Soviet
1 9 7 9 (0 planetary probe in 134 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 0 (0 planetary probe in 144 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 1 (2 planetary probes in 160 missions = %)
146) Venera 13 90th Soviet ...
147) Venera 14 91st Soviet
1 9 8 2 (0 planetary probe in 160 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 3 (2 planetary probes in 162 missions = %)
148) Venera 15 92nd Soviet ...
149) Venera 16 93nd Soviet
1 9 8 4 (4 planetary probes in 169 missions = %)
150) Vega 1 probe 94th Soviet ...
151) Vega 1 lander 95th Soviet
152) Vega 2 probe 96th Soviet
153) Vega 2 lander 97th Soviet
1 9 8 5 (2 planetary probes in 173 missions = %)
154) Giotto 1st European ...
155) Planet-A / Suisei 1st Japanese
1 9 8 6 (0 planetary probe in 151 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 7 (0 planetary probe in 141 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 8 (6 planetary probes in 155 missions = %)
156) Phobos 1 (Fobos 1) 98th Soviet ...
157) Phobos 1 DPS 99th Soviet
158) Phobos 1 PPS 100th Soviet
159) Phobos 2 (Fobos 2) 101st Soviet
160) Phobos 2 DPS 102nd Soviet
161) Phobos 2 PPS 103th Soviet
1 9 8 9 (3 planetary probes in 139 missions = %)
162) Magellan 57th American ...
163) Galileo 58th American
164) Jovian probe 59th American L
1 9 9 0 (3 planetary probes in 173 missions = %)
165) Muses A / Hiten 2nd Japanese ...
166) Hagoromo 3rd Japanese
167) Ulysses 60th American
1 9 9 1 (0 planetary probe in 143 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 9 2 (1 planetary probe in 135 missions = %)
168) Mars Observer 61st American ...
1 9 9 3 (0 planetary probe in 118 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 9 4 ((1) planetary probe in 130 missions = %)
-- Clementine 1 / DSPSE (American) ...
(Clementine is a military technlogical testbed that use the Moon as target.)
 
1 9 9 5 (0 planetary probe in 113 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 9 6 (9 planetary probes in 112 missions = %)
169) NEAR / Shoemaker 62nd American ...
170) MGS / Mars Global  Surveyor 63rd American
171) Mars-96 104th Russian
172) MAS 1 105th Russian
173) MAS 2 106th Russian
174) Penetrator 1 107th Russian
175) Penetrator 2 108th Russian
176) Mars Pathfinder 64th American
177) Sojourner 65th American
1 9 9 7 (2 planetary probes in 158 missions = %)
178) Cassini 66th American ...
179) Huyghens 2nd European
1 9 9 8 (4 planetary probes in 174 missions = %)
180) Lunar Prospector 67th American ...
181) Planet B / Nozomi 4th Japanese
182) DS 1 / Deep Space 1 68th American
183) MCO / Mars Climate Orbiter 69th American
1 9 9 9 (4 planetary probes in 133 missions = %)
184) Mars Polar Lander 70th American ...
185) Deep Space-2 "Scott" 71th American
186) Deep Space-2 "Amundsen" 72nd American
187) Stardust 73rd American
2 0 0 0 (0 planetary probe in 131 missions = 0%)

None.
 
2 0 0 1 (2 planetary probes in 93 missions = %)
188) Mars Odyssey 2001 74th American ...
189) Genesis 75th American
2 0 0 2 (1 planetary probe in 101 missions = %)
190) CONTOUR 76th American ...
2 0 0 3 (9 planetary probes in 97 missions = %)
191) MUSES C / Hayabusa 5th Japanese ...
192) Minerva 6th Japanese
193) Mars Express 77th American
194) Beagle-2 3rd European
195) MER-A 78th American
196) Spirit 79th American
197) MER-B 80th American
198) Opportunity 81st American
199) SMART-1 4th European
2 0 0 4 (3 planetary probes in 40+ missions = %)
200) Rosetta 5th European ...
201) Philae 6th European
202) MESSENGER 82nd American
2 0 0 5 (4 planetary probes in 78 missions = 5 %)
203) Deep Impact "flyby" 83rd American ...
204) Deep Impact "impactor" 84th American
205) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter / MRO 85th American
206) Venus Express (VEX) 7th European
2 0 0 6 (1 planetary probes in 116 missions = 1 %)
207) New Horizons 86th American 19 Jan 06 Pluto + Kuiper Belt Object(s) NASA
2 0 0 7 (6 planetary probes in 123 missions = 5 %)
208) Phoenix / Phoenix Mars Mission 87th American 4 Aug 07 Mars Orbiter NASA
209) SELENE / Kaguya 7th Japanese 14 Sep 07 Lunar Orbiter JAXA
210) Rstar / Relay Satellite 8th Japanese 14 Sep 07 Lunar Orbiter JAXA
211) Vstar / VRAD 9th Japanese 14 Sep 07 Lunar Orbiter JAXA
212) DAWN 88th American 27 Sep 07 Main Belt Asteroids Flyby NASA
213) Chang' e 1 1st Chinese 24 Oct 07 Lunar Orbite China
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2 0 0 8 (2 planetary probes in 111 missions =2 %)
214) Chandraayan-1 1st Indian 22 Oct 08 Lunar Orbiter ISRO
215) MIP / Moon Impactor Probe 2nd Indian 22 Oct 08 Lunar Crasher ISRO
2 0 0 9 (2 planetary probes in 129 missions = 1½ %)
216) LRO / Lunar Recon- naissance Orbiter American 18 Jun 09
217) LCROSS American 18 Jun 09
2 0 1 0 (2 planetary probes in 129 missions = 2 %)
218) Planet-C / Akatsuki Japenese 20 May 10 Venus
219) Chang'e 2 Chinese 1 Oct 10 Moon
2 0 1 1 (6 planetary probes in  missions = %)
220) Juno NASA 5 Aug 11 (Jupiter
221) GRAIL-A NASA 10 Sep 11 (Moon
222) GRAIL-B NASA 10 Sep 11 (Moon
223) Fobos-Grunt Russian Space Agency 8 Nov 11 Mars
224) Yinghuo 1 China 8 Nov 11 Mars
225) Curiosity / MSL NASA 26 Nov 11 Mars
2 0 1 2 (0 planetary probe in  missions = %)

None.
 
2 0 1 3 (5 planetary probes in  missions = %)
226) LADEE NASA 7 Sep 13 Moon
227) MOS / Mars Orbiter Spacecraft India 5 Nov 13 Mars
228) MAVEN NASA 18 Nov 13 Mars
229) Chang'e 3 China 1 Dec 13 Moon
230) Yutu / Jade Rabbit China 1 Dec 13 Moon
2 0 1 4 ( planetary probes in  missions = %)
231) Chang'e 5-T1 China 24 Oct 14 Moon
232) Chang'e 5 
Orbital Module
China 24 Oct 14 Deep space
233) Hayabusa2 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
234) PROCYO JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
235) MASCOT ESA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
236) Minerva II-1a JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
237) Minerva II-1b JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
238) Minerva II-2 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
239) SCI JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
240) DCAM-3 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
241) Target Marker 1 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
242) Target Marker 2 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
243) Target Marker 3 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
244) Target Marker 4 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
245) Target Marker 5 JAXA 6 Dec 14 Asteroid
2 0 1 5 ( planetary probes in  missions = %)

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© Claude Lafleur, 2004-2014 Mes sites web: claudelafleur.qc.ca