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Click on a particular year (below) to acces directly the list of astronomy / solar satellites that were launched in that year:
1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
2012 2013 2014
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# Spacecraft Country ranks Launch date .. Mission Spontor
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1 9 6 2 (1 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellite in 96 missions = 1 %)
1) OSO 1 1st American 7 Mar 62 Solar Observatory NASA
1 9 6 3 (1 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellite in 97 missions = 1 %)
2) Kosmos (DS-MT 1) 1st Soviet 1 Jun 63 Cosmic rays studies
1 9 6 4 (3 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 127 missions = 3 %)
3) Ariel 2 / UK-C 1st European 27 Mar 64 Galactic radio noise United Kingdom
4) Kosmos 31 (DS-MT 2) 2nd Soviet 6 Jun 64 Astronomy
5) Kosmos 51 (DS-MT 3) 3rd Soviet 8 Dec 64 Measured luminosity of starry sky
1 9 6 5 (4 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 180 missions = 2 %)
6) OSO 2 2nd American 3 Feb 65 Solar observatory NASA
7) Proton 1 4th Soviet 16 Jul 65 Astronomy, high-energy physics
8) OSO 3 3rd American  25 Aug 65 Solar observatory NASA
9) Proton 2 5th Soviet 2 Nov 65 Astronomy, high-energy physics
1 9 6 6 (3 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 174 missions = 2 %)
10) Proton 6th Soviet 24 Mar 66 Astronomy, ultra-high energy cosmic particles studies
11) OAO 1 4th American 8 Apr 66 Astronomy NASA
12) Proton 3 7th Soviet 6 Jul 66 Astronomy, ultra-high energy cosmic particles studies
1 9 6 7 (4 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 172 missions = 2 %)
13) OSO 3 5th American 8 Mar 67 Astronomy NASA
14) ESRO 2A 2nd European 30 May 67 Solar and cosmic radiation ESRO
15) Kosmos 166 / DS-U3-S 1 8th Soviet 16 Jun 67 Solar radiation data
16) OSO 4 6th American 18 Oct 67 Extreme UV solar observations NASA
1 9 6 8 (6 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 166 missions = 4 %)
17) Kosmos 215 / DS-U1-A 1 9th Soviet 19 Apr 68 Radiation observatory
18) ESRO 2B / IRIS 3rd European 17 May 68 Solar and cosmic rays studies ESRO
19) Explorer 38 / RAE 1 7th American 4 Jul 68 Radio-Astronomy NASA
20) Kosmos 230 / DS-U3-S 2 10th Soviet 5 Jul 68 Astronomy
21) Proton 4 11th Soviet 16 Nov 68 Astronomy
22 OAO 2 8th American 7 Dec 68 Astronomy NASA
1 9 6 9 (2 Astronomy/Solar Observatory satellites in 155 missions = 1 %)
23) OSO 5 9th American 22 Jan 69 Solar observatory NASA
24) OSO 6 10th American 9 Aug 69 Solar observatory NASA
1 9 7 0 (2 astronomy satellites in 142 missions = 1%)
25) Explorer 42 / SAS 1 / Uhuru ...
26) OAO-B
1 9 7 1 (1 astronomy satellite in 175 missions = %)
27) OSO 7 ...
1 9 7 2 (2 astronomy satellites in 143 missions = %)
28) OAO 3 Copernicus ...
29) Explorer 48 / SAS 2
1 9 7 3 (2 astronomy satellites in 146 missions = %)
30) Explorer 49 / RAE-B ...
31) Explorer 50 / IMP 8 
1 9 7 4 (3 astronomy satellites in 136 missions = %)
32) Explorer 52 / Hawkeye 1 / Injun 6 ...
33) ANS 1
34) Helios 1
1 9 7 5 (3 astronomy satellites in 168 missions = %)
35) Explorer 53 / SAS 3 ...
36) OSO 8
37) D-2B Aura
1 9 7 6 (1 astronomy satellite in 164 missions = %)
38) Helios 2 ...
1 9 7 7 (1 astronomy satellite in 147 missions = %)
39) HEAO 1 ...
1 9 7 8 (3 astronomy satellites in 174 missions = %)
40) IUE ...
41) HEAO 2 / Einstein Observatory
42) Kosmos 1066 / Astrofizika 1
1 9 7 9 (2 astronomy satellites in 134 missions = %)
43) Ariel 6 / UK 6 ...
44) HEAO 3
1 9 8 0 (1 astronomy satellite in 144 missions = %)
45) SMM / Solar Maximum Mission ...
1 9 8 1 (2 astronomy satellites in 160 missions = %)
46) ASTRO-A / Hinoturi ...
47) SME / Solar Mesosphere Explorer
1 9 8 2 (1 astronomy satellite in 160 missions = %)
48) Astrozond ...
1 9 8 3 (4 astronomy satellites in 162 missions = %)
49) IRAS ...
50) ASTRO-B / Temna
51) Astron
52) Exosat
1 9 8 4 (0 astronomy satellite in 169 missions = %)

None.
 
1 9 8 5 (1 astronomy satellite in 173 missions = %)
53) Spartan 1 ...
1 9 8 6 (1 astronomy satellite in 151 missions = %)
54) Spartan-Halley ...
1 9 8 7 (1 astronomy satellite in 141 missions = %)
55) ASTRO-C / Ginga ...
1 9 8 8 (0 astronomy satellite in 155 missions = 0%)

None.
 
1 9 8 9 (3 astronomy satellites in 139 missions = %)
56) Hipparcos ...
57) COBE
58) Granat
1 9 9 0 (3 astronomy satellites in 173 missions = %)
59) HST / The Hubble Space Telescope ...
60) ROSAT
61) Gamma
1 9 9 1 (3 astronomy satellites in 143 missions = %)
62) GRO / Compton Gamma-ray Observatory ...
63) SARA
64) Solar A / Yohkoh
1 9 9 2 (1 astronomy satellite in 135 missions = %)
65) EUVE ...
1 9 9 3 (3 astronomy satellite in 118 missions = %)
66) Astro D / ASCA Asuka ...
67) Spartan 201
68) ORFEUS-SPAS
1 9 9 4 (1 astronomy satellite in 130 missions = %)
69) Spartan 201 ...
1 9 9 5 (5 astronomy satellites in 113 missions = %)
70) Spartan 204 ...
71) Spartan 201
72) ISO
73) SOHO
74) XTE / Rossi 
1 9 9 6 (6 astronomy satellites in 112 missions = %)
75) OAST Flyer / Spartan 206 ...
76) SAX / BeppoSAX
77) Spartan 207
78) HETE
79) SAC-B
80) ORFEUS-SPAS / ASTRO-SPAS
1 9 9 7 (4 astronomy satellites in 158 missions = %)
81) Muses B / Haruka ...
82) Crista-SPAS / ASTRO-SPAS
83) ACE
84) Spartan 201-04
1 9 9 8 (2 astronomy satellites in 174 missions = %)
85) Spartan 201-5 ...
86) SWAS
1 9 9 9 (5 astronomy satellites in 133 missions = %)
87) WIRE ...
88) ABRIXAS
89) FUSE
90) AXAF / Chandra
91) XMM / XMM-Newton
2 0 0 0 (2 astronomy satellites in 131 missions = %)
92) Astro E ...
93) HETE-2
2 0 0 1 (3 astronomy satellites in 93 missions = %)
94) MAP ...
95) Koronas-F
96) Simplesat
2 0 0 2 (2 astronomy satellites in 101 missions = %)
97) HESSI ...
98) Integral
2 0 0 3 (5 astronomy satellites in 97 missions = %)
99) Chips / CHIPSat ...
100) GALEX
101) MOST
102) Spitzer Space Telescope / SIRTF
103) STSat-1 (KAISTSAT-4
2 0 0 4 (1 satellite in 77 missions = 1 %)
104) Swift ...
2 0 0 5 (1 satellite in 78 missions = 1 %)
105) Astro E2 / Suzaku ...
2 0 0 6 (5 Astronomy satellite in 116 missions = 4 %)
106) ASTRO-F / Akari (Japanese) 21 Feb 06 JAXA-ISAS Astronomy
107) SOLAR-B / Hinode (Japanese) 22 Sep 06 JAXA Solar Observatory
108) STEREO Ahead (American) 26 Oct 06 NASA Solar Observatory
109) STEREO Behind (American) 26 Oct 06 NASA
110) Corot (French) 27 Dec 06 CNES Astronomy
2 0 0 7 (1 Astronomy satellite in 123 missions = 1 %)
111) AGILE (Italian) 23 Apr 07 Italy (ASI)
2 0 0 8 (1 Astronomy satellite in 111 missions = 1%)
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112) GLAST (American) 11 Jun 08 NASA
2 0 0 9 (4 Astronomy satellite in 129 missions = 3 %)
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113) Kepler American 7 Mar 09
114) Herschel European 14 May 09
115) Planck Europea 14 May 09
116) WISE Americn 14 Dec 09
2 0 1 0 (1 Astronomy satellite in 129 missions = 1 %)
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117) Picard France's CNES 15 Jun10
2 0 1 1 (2 Astronomy satellite in missions = %)
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118) AMS-02 NASA 16 May 11
119) Spektr-R / RadioAstron Russian Astro Space Center 18 July 11
2 0 1 2 ( Astronomy satellite in missions = %)
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120) NuSTAR NASA 13 Jun 12
2 0 1 3 (7 Astronomy satellite in missions = %)
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121) NEOSSat Canada 25 Feb 13
122) BRITE-A / TUGSAT-1 / BRITE-AUSTRIA Austria 25 Feb 13
123) BRITE-U / UniBRITE / CANX-3 Austria 25 Feb 13
124) Sprint A / Hisaki Japan 14 Sep 13
125) STSat-3 South Koreal 21 Nov 13
126) Lem Poland 21 Nov 13
127) Gaia Europe 19 Dec 13
2 0 1 4 ( Astronomy satellite in missions = %)
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128) BRITE-Toronto Canada 19 Jun 14
129) BRITE-Montreal Canada 19 Jun 14
130) BRITE-PL 2 Poland 19 Aug 14
131) Tsubame TIT, Tokyo Uy of 
Science and JAXA
6 Nov 14
2 0 1 5 ( Astronomy satellite in missions = %)
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