|RSC Energia bio
||Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, Hero of the Soviet Union,
USSR Pilot-Cosmonaut, Great Patriotic War veteran, Doctor of Sciences,
Professor, State and Lenin Prize winner, and one of the leading developers
of the national space technology.
His fate is amazing: being young man he took part in reconnaissance
operations during war time, was caught and shot by fascist invaders, but
had survived by some miracle. In 1949, he graduated from MVTU after N.E.
Bauman, in early 1950 s of the past century Konstantin Petrovich worked
at NII-4 as the member of the famous team headed by M.K. Tikhnonravov.
In 1957, by his invitation, he was transferred to OKB-1, where academician
S.P. Korolev, the founder of the practical cosmonautics, had been the head
and chief designer.
From that time, he became close associate of S.P. Korolev, designer
of space vehicles. Together with other members of the team headed by M.K.
Tikhonravov, he actively participated in the development of the pioneer
artificial Earth satellite, the launch of which marked oncoming of humanity
space age. K.P. Feoktistov was widely known as designer, one of the creators
of Vostok space vehicle. It had been his idea to give a spherical shape
to descent module for that space vehicle. Vostok space vehicles were the
first in the historyto carry onboard a cosmonaut and the first female cosmonaut,
our compatriots Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin and Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova.
K.P. Feoktistov performed flight into space by Voskhod space vehicle,
being one of its developers. He became the world's first design engineer
who had performed its tests during flight and the crew member who was the
first to have performed flight unsuited. Also he became the first cosmonaut
of RSC Energia's cosmonauts' corps. S.P. Korolev attached great importance
to that flight, because, in his view, flight performed by K.P. Feoktistov
would signify a new era making it possible for space technology developers
to test space technology during flight, which provided background for its
improvement by the example of next-generation manned space vehicles.
More than 30 years Konstantin Petrovich devoted to his work at the Corporation.
He had worked his way up from the Head of Team to the Deputy General Designer.
He was one of the key developers of space vehicles Soyuz, Soyuz T, Soyuz
TM, Progress, Progress-M, orbital station Salyut and the first International
Orbital Complex Mir, a unique creation of the XXth century. Implementation
of these projects opened new glorious chapters of the national cosmonautics
For great services to the Fartherland and due to recognition of his
contribution by international community, he was awarded the honorary titles
of the Hero of the Soviet Union, the Hero of Labour of Vietnam Socialist
Republic; he was awarded the Order of Lenin, two Orders of Red banner of
Labour, Orders of the Patriotic War, Order of the Badge of Honour, medal
for the Victory over Germany, gold medal after K.E. Tsiolkovsky (USSR Academy
of Sciences); gold medal "Kosmos" and medal de Laveau (FAI), other medals.
K.P. Feoktistov is the State and Lenin prize winner, the honorary citizen
of the city of Kaluga. Crater on the Moon surface is named after him.
Konstantin Pertovich Feoktistov will leave fond memories of himself
for ever as a bright personality, outstanding scientist and manager who
contributed a lot to investigation of space and cognition of mysteries
of the Universe.