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William (Bill) 
Surles McArthur Jr 
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Naissance : 26 juillet 1951, à Laurinburg, Caroline du Nord. États-Unis.
Antécédent : Aviateur de l'Armée américaine.
Sélection : 17 janvier 1990: treisième détachement d'astronautes de la NASA.
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1e vol : STS 58 14 j. 00 h. 13 min. Spécialiste de mission 2 (MS2)
2e vol : STS 74 8 j. 04 h. 30 min. Spécialiste de mission 3 (MS3)
3e vol : STS 92 12 j. 21 h. 43 min. Spécialiste de mission 2 (MS2)
4e vol : ISS Expédition 12 189 j. 19 h. 53 min. Commandant
Total : 224 j. 22 h. 19 min.
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Temps à bord d'ISS STS 92 5 j. 17 h. 00 min.
ISS Expédition 12 187 j. 09 h. 00 min.
Total: 193 j. 02 h. 00 min.
..
Sortie spatiale :
1) STS 92 15 oct 00  6 h. 29 min. 7ême sortie du programme ISS 
2) STS 92 17 oct 00 6 h. 49 min. 6ême sortie du programme ISS 
4) ISS Expédition 12 7 vov 05 5 h 22  min. 63ème sortie du programme ISS 
4) ISS Expédition 12 3 fév 06 5 h. 43 min. 64ème sortie du programme ISS 
Total 24 h. 23 min.

2 sorties (à l'extérieur d'ISS) : 13 h. 18 min.

Retraite : Actif.
Décès :
Remarques :
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RSC Energia bio
(Aug 03)
William Surles McARTHUR, Jr.

ISS Commander
Flight Engineer of the Soyuz TMA TSC,
NASA Astronaut,
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, USA
U.S. AF Retired Colonel

DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
Born July 26, 1951 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, USA.

EDUCATION: Graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973, (a bachelor of science degree in applied science and engineering); in 1976 he graduated from the U.S. Army Aviation School with honours; in 1983 - from the Georgia Institute of Technology (a master of science degree in aerospace engineering) and in 1987 - U.S. Naval Test Pilot School.
 

FAMILY STATUS: Married, has two daughters.

SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the NASA Space Flight Medals (1993, 1995, 2000) and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Recipient of the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, North Carolina's highest civilian award. 1996 American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award. Recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor. Order of Saint Michael. 2000 Robert M. Leich Award from the Army Aviation Association of America. 2000 Korolev Diploma presented by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.

HOBBY: Basketball, programming.

WORK EXPERIENCE:
McArthur graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973.
From 1973 to 1975 he served in the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, USA.
In 1975-1976 he was at the U.S. Army Aviation School.
From 1976 to 1978 he served at the U.S. Army base in South Korea.
In 1978 he was assigned to the 24th Combat Aviation Battalion in Savannah, Georgia.
In 1983 he graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology and 1986 he worked as an assistant professor at the Department of Mechanics of the Military Academy in West Point.
In 1987 he graduated from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in Patuxent River and that year he was transferred to the Johnson Space Center as a test engineer.
McArthur retired from the Army in 2001.
He has logged over 4500 flight hours in 39 different air/spacecraft.
In January 1990 he was selected by NASA as an astronaut.
From July 1990 to July 1991 McArthur was in general space training at the Johnson Space Center and qualified as a Mission Specialist.
A veteran of three space flights, McArthur has logged 35 days 2 hr 25 min 57 s in space including 13 hours and 16 min of the EVA time during two space walks.
From October 18 to November 1, 1993 he performed his first space mission as a mission specialist of the Columbia Space Shuttle (STS-58) with Laboratory SLS-2. The prime objective of the mission was to conduct scientific research and experiments. Up to now, this mission is the longest Space Shuttle mission. Its duration was 14 days 12 min 32 s.
On November 12-20, 1995 he performed the second mission as a mission specialist of the Atlantis Shuttle (STS-74) under the program of the second docking of the Shuttle with the Russian Orbital Complex Mir. The prime objective of the mission was to provide the Mir Orbital Complex logistics support including delivery and installation of the Docking Module intended to implement the U.S. Space Shuttle docking with the Mir Station and also conduct of a number of scientific experiments. The mission duration was 8 days 4 hr 30 min 44 s.
On October 11-24, 2000 he performed the third space mission as a mission specialist of the Discovery Shuttle (STS-92). The prime objective of the mission was to deliver cargoes onboard the ISS and conduct the assembly operations.
During the mission he had two space walks of the total duration of 13 hours 16 min.
The mission duration was 12 days 21 hr 42 min 41 s.
He is currently in training for a space mission as a commander of ISS-8 backup crew.

August 2003
By the data of Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA, USA

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RSC Energia bio
(Sep 04)
William Surles McARTHUR, Jr.

ISS Commander,
Flight Engineer of the Soyuz TMA TSC,
NASA Astronaut,
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, USA
U.S. AF Retired Colonel

DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
Born July 26, 1951 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, USA.

EDUCATION: Graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973, (a bachelor of science degree in applied science and engineering); in 1976 he graduated from the U.S. Army Aviation School with honours; in 1983 - from the Georgia Institute of Technology (a master of science degree in aerospace engineering) and in 1987 - U.S. Naval Test Pilot School.
 

FAMILY STATUS: Married, has two daughters.

SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the NASA Space Flight Medals (1993, 1995, 2000) and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Recipient of the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, North Carolina's highest civilian award. 1996 American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award. Recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor. Order of Saint Michael. 2000 Robert M. Leich Award from the Army Aviation Association of America. 2000 Korolev Diploma presented by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.

HOBBY: Basketball, programming.

WORK EXPERIENCE:
McArthur graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973.
From 1973 to 1975 he served in the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, USA.
In 1975-1976 he was at the U.S. Army Aviation School.
From 1976 to 1978 he served at the U.S. Army base in South Korea.
In 1978 he was assigned to the 24th Combat Aviation Battalion in Savannah, Georgia.
In 1983 he graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology and 1986 he worked as an assistant professor at the Department of Mechanics of the Military Academy in West Point.
In 1987 he graduated from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in Patuxent River and that year he was transferred to the Johnson Space Center as a test engineer.
McArthur retired from the Army in 2001.
He has logged over 4500 flight hours in 39 different air/spacecraft.
In January 1990 he was selected by NASA as an astronaut.
From July 1990 to July 1991 McArthur was in general space training at the Johnson Space Center and qualified as a Mission Specialist.
A veteran of three space flights, McArthur has logged 35 days 2 hr 25 min 57 s in space including 13 hours and 16 min of the EVA time during two space walks.
From October 18 to November 1, 1993 he performed his first space mission as a mission specialist of the Columbia Space Shuttle (STS-58) with Laboratory SLS-2. The prime objective of the mission was to conduct scientific research and experiments. Up to now, this mission is the longest Space Shuttle mission. Its duration was 14 days 12 min 32 s.
On November 12-20, 1995 he performed the second mission as a mission specialist of the Atlantis Shuttle (STS-74) under the program of the second docking of the Shuttle with the Russian Orbital Complex Mir. The prime objective of the mission was to provide the Mir Orbital Complex logistics support including delivery and installation of the Docking Module intended to implement the U.S. Space Shuttle docking with the Mir Station and also conduct of a number of scientific experiments. The mission duration was 8 days 4 hr 30 min 44 s.
On October 11-24, 2000 he performed the third space mission as a mission specialist of the Discovery Shuttle (STS-92). The prime objective of the mission was to deliver cargoes onboard the ISS and conduct the assembly operations.
During the mission he had two space walks of the total duration of 13 hours 16 min.
The mission duration was 12 days 21 hr 42 min 41 s.
He passed training for a space flight as a commander within the ISS-8 Backup Crew.
Presently he is training for a space flight as a commander within the ISS-10 Backup Crew.

September 2004
By the data of Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA, USA

.
RSC Energia bio
(Aug 05)
William Surles McARTHUR, Jr. 

ISS Commander,
Flight Engineer of the Soyuz TMA TSC,
NASA Astronaut,
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, USA
U.S. AF Retired Colonel 

DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
Born July 26, 1951 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, USA.

EDUCATION: Graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973, (a bachelor of science degree in applied science and engineering); in 1976 he graduated from the U.S. Army Aviation School with honours; in 1983 - from the Georgia Institute of Technology (a master of science degree in aerospace engineering) and in 1987 the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School.

FAMILY STATUS: Married, has two daughters.

SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the NASA Space Flight Medals (1993, 1995, 2000) and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Recipient of the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, North Carolina's highest civilian award. 1996 American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award. Recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor. Order of Saint Michael. 2000 Robert M. Leich Award from the Army Aviation Association of America. 2000 Korolev Diploma presented by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.

HOBBY: Basketball, running, programming.

WORK EXPERIENCE:
McArthur graduated from the Military Academy, West Point, in 1973.
From 1973 to 1975 he served in the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, USA.
In 1975-1976 he was at the U.S. Army Aviation School.
From 1976 to 1978 he served at the U.S. Army base in South Korea.
In 1978 he was assigned to the 24th Combat Aviation Battalion in Savannah, Georgia, where he served as a company commander, platoon leader and operatopms officer.
In 1983 he graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology and till 1986 he worked as an assistant professor at the Department of Mechanics of the Military Academy in West Point.
In 1987 he graduated from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in Patuxent River and that year he was transferred to the Johnson Space Center as a test engineer.
McArthur retired from the Army in 2001.
He has logged over 4500 flight hours in 39 different air/spacecraft.
In January 1990 he was selected by NASA as an astronaut.
From July 1990 to July 1991 McArthur was in general space training at the Johnson Space Center and qualified as a Mission Specialist.
A veteran of three space flights, McArthur has logged 35 days 2 hr 25 min 57 s in space including 13 hours and 16 min of the EVA time during two space walks.
From October 18 to November 1, 1993 he performed his first space mission as a mission specialist of the Columbia Space Shuttle (STS-58) with Laboratory SLS-2. The prime objective of the mission was to conduct scientific research and experiments. Up to now, this mission is the longest Space Shuttle mission. Its duration was 14 days 12 min 32 s.
On November 12-20, 1995 he performed the second mission as a mission specialist of the Atlantis Shuttle (STS-74) under the program of the second docking of the Shuttle with the Russian Orbital Complex Mir. The prime objective of the mission was to provide the Mir Orbital Complex logistics support including delivery and installation of the Docking Compartment intended to implement the U.S. Space Shuttle docking with the Mir Station and also conduct of a number of scientific experiments. The mission duration was 8 days 4 hr 30 min 44 s.
On October 11-24, 2000 he performed the third space mission as a mission specialist of the Discovery Shuttle (STS-92). The prime objective of the mission was to deliver cargoes onboard the ISS and conduct the assembly operations.
During the mission he had two space walks of the total duration of 13 hours 16 min.
The mission duration was 12 days 21 hr 42 min 41 s.
He passed training for a space flight as commander in the ISS-8 and ISS-10 Backup Crews.
Presently he is training for a space flight as commander in the ISS-12 Prime Crew. 

August 2005
Based on the data presented by Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA, USA 

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Voir aussi :
Fiche biographique de la NASA
Fiche de l'Encyclopedia Astronautica de Mark Wade
 
Les Explorateurs de l'espace Les conquérants de l'Espace 
par ordre d'atteinte de l'orbite
Les envolées habitées:
1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
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© Claude Lafleur, 2007
Les Dossiers Espace Espace 101 La Librairie virtuelle Spacecrafts encyclopedia